14
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Meals and snacking, diet quality and energy balance.

      1
      Physiology & behavior
      Body weight control, Diet quality, Energy balance, Meal, Snack

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The present obesity "epidemic" has been attributed to a growing trend for snacking. Snacking may contribute to excess energy intake and weight gain through different ways, for example: context/environment of eating, frequency of consumption and quality of food choices. The present article reviews data and hypotheses about the role of snacks in diet quality and body weight control. One obvious difficulty in this field is the diversity of definitions and approaches used in cross-sectional, longitudinal, and intervention studies. A brief paragraph reviews the prevalence of snacking in various countries and its recent evolution. The literature addressing the contribution of snacks to daily energy and nutrient intake presents two contrasting pictures. In many reports, snacking appears to facilitate the adjustment of energy intake to needs, and to contribute carbohydrates, rather than fats, to the diet, in addition to valuable micronutrients. Such results are usually reported in healthy, normal-weight children and adults. By contrast, snacking often appears to contribute much energy but little nutrition in the diet of other consumers, particularly obese children and adults. In addition to selecting energy-dense foods, eating in the absence of hunger in response to external non-physiological cues, in an irregular fashion, in contexts (e.g. while watching television) that do not favor attention to the act of eating, might be crucial factors determining the nutritional effects of snacking. While efforts should be continued to harmonize definitions and minimize the influence of under-reporting, interventions aimed at decreasing detrimental snacking should address both food-related aspects and behavioral components.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Physiol. Behav.
          Physiology & behavior
          1873-507X
          0031-9384
          Jul 2014
          : 134
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: f.bellisle@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.
          Article
          S0031-9384(14)00144-9
          10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.03.010
          24657181
          1826862b-e39f-45fa-af07-2ab707a67e07
          Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
          History

          Body weight control,Diet quality,Energy balance,Meal,Snack
          Body weight control, Diet quality, Energy balance, Meal, Snack

          Comments

          Comment on this article