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Motivational, reduction and usual care interventions for smokers who are not ready to quit: a randomized controlled trial : Motivational and reduction interventions

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      Most cited references 43

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      Multiple Imputation for Nonresponse in Surveys

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        A practical solution to the pervasive problems of p values.

        In the field of psychology, the practice of p value null-hypothesis testing is as widespread as ever. Despite this popularity, or perhaps because of it, most psychologists are not aware of the statistical peculiarities of the p value procedure. In particular, p values are based on data that were never observed, and these hypothetical data are themselves influenced by subjective intentions. Moreover, p values do not quantify statistical evidence. This article reviews these p value problems and illustrates each problem with concrete examples. The three problems are familiar to statisticians but may be new to psychologists. A practical solution to these p value problems is to adopt a model selection perspective and use the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) for statistical inference (Raftery, 1995). The BIC provides an approximation to a Bayesian hypothesis test, does not require the specification of priors, and can be easily calculated from SPSS output.
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          Biochemical verification of tobacco use and cessation.

            (2002)
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ]Vermont Center on Behavior and Health; University of Vermont, Burlington; VT USA
            [2 ]Department of Psychiatry; University of Vermont, Burlington; VT USA
            [3 ]Department of Psychological Science; University of Vermont, Burlington; VT USA
            [4 ]Department of Family Medicine; University of Vermont; Burlington VT USA
            [5 ]Department of Biostatistics; University of Vermont; Burlington VT USA
            Journal
            Addiction
            Addiction
            Wiley
            09652140
            January 2017
            January 2017
            October 05 2016
            : 112
            : 1
            : 146-155
            10.1111/add.13594
            © 2016

            http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1

            http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions

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