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      The Inhibitory Effects of PSS-Loaded Nanoparticles on the Dysfunction of Cardiac Microvascular Endothelia in Rats with Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

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          Propylene glycol alginate sodium sulfate-loaded nanoparticles (PSS-NP) has been shown potential to prevent the microvascular endothelial injuries caused by diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of PSS-NP on the dysfunction of cardiac microvascular endothelia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DCM rat model. Echocardiographic measurements showed a significant improvement of cardiac function in the PSS-NP-treated group. Our results revealed that the abnormalities of cardiac systolic and diastolic functions were suppressed by the treatments of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), PSS and PSS-NP. Our comparison analysis indicated that PSS-NP showed the strongest inhibitory effects on microvascular endothelial injuries. Transmission electron microscopy analysis demonstrated that PSS-NP protected the cardiac microvascular endothelium and further improved endothelium dysfunction in DCM rats. ELISA and Western blot assays further showed a high efficiency of improving cardiac microvascular endothelial dysfunction with PSS-NP. Our results demonstrated that PSS-NP increased the protein expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-p85 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, and the phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), which were involved in the amelioration of cardiac microvascular endothelial dysfunction. These data suggest that PSS-NP may be a novel approach to the treatment the coronary microcirculation disorder diseases such as DCM.

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          Author and article information

          Journal of Ocean University of China
          Science Press and Springer (China )
          10 January 2019
          01 February 2019
          : 18
          : 1
          : 253-259
          1 Department of Geriatrics, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266003, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: MAO Yongjun
          Copyright © Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2019.

          The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is hereby assigned for good and valuable consideration to the editorial office of Journal of Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

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