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Magnetic skyrmions in chiral magnets are nanoscale, topologically protected magnetization
swirls that are promising candidates for spintronics memory carriers. Therefore, observing
and manipulating the skyrmion state on the surface level of the materials are of great
importance for future applications. Here, we report a controlled way of creating a
multidomain skyrmion state near the surface of a Cu2OSeO3 single crystal, observed
by soft resonant elastic X-ray scattering. This technique is an ideal tool to probe
the magnetic order at the L3 edge of 3d metal compounds giving an average depth sensitivity
of ∼50 nm. The single-domain 6-fold-symmetric skyrmion lattice can be broken up into
domains, overcoming the propagation directions imposed by the cubic anisotropy by
applying the magnetic field in directions deviating from the major cubic axes. Our
findings open the door to a new way to manipulate and engineer the skyrmion state
locally on the surface or on the level of individual skyrmions, which will enable
applications in the future.