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      Phenology and frugivory by birds on Miconia ligustroides (MELASTOMATACEAE) in a fragment of cerrado, southeastern Brazil Translated title: Fenologia e frugivoria por aves em Miconia ligustroides (MELASTOMATACEAE) em um fragmento de cerrado, sudeste do Brasil

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          Abstract

          We identified the avian assembly that consumes Miconia ligustroides (Melastomataceae) fruit and described its phenophases in a fragment of cerrado vegetation located in southeastern Brazil. The fruiting period occurred between March and June, a period of food shortage. In 2005 and 2008, we registered eighteen bird species consuming fruits, during 156 hours of observations. Species of the families Thraupidae and Tyrannidae were the most representative in the number of visits and fruit consumption. Short visits (less than three minutes) and low incidence of defecation apparently indicate that seeds may be released far from the parent-plant, suggesting dispersal efficiency by the studied assembly. Owing to its characteristics, we believe Miconia ligustroides may be useful in the restoration of degraded areas.

          Translated abstract

          Identificamos a assembleia de aves que consome frutos de Miconia ligustroides (Melastomataceae) e descrevemos a fenologia dessa planta, em um fragmento de cerrado no sudeste do Brasil. O período de frutificação ocorreu entre março e junho, um período de escassez de alimento. Em 2005 e 2008, foram registradas 18 espécies de aves consumindo frutos, ao longo de 156 horas de observação. Espécies das famílias Thraupidae e Tyrannidae foram as mais representativas em número de visitas e consumo de frutos. Visitas curtas (menos de três minutos) e a baixa incidência de defecação, aparentemente, indicam que as sementes devem ser liberadas longe da planta-mãe, o que sugere eficiência na dispersão pela assembleia estudada. Em função de suas características, acreditamos que Miconia ligustroides pode ser útil na restauração de áreas degradadas.

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          Most cited references 26

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          Ornitologia brasileira

           H Sick,  H SICK,  H. SICK, (1997)
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            Tropical Frugivorous Birds and Their Food Plants: A World Survey

             David Snow (1981)
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              Un método cuantitativo para la medición de las características fenológicas en árboles

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                bjb
                Brazilian Journal of Biology
                Braz. J. Biol.
                Instituto Internacional de Ecologia (São Carlos )
                1678-4375
                November 2012
                : 72
                : 4
                : 859-864
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal de São Carlos Brazil
                Article
                S1519-69842012000500012
                10.1590/S1519-69842012000500012
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                BIOLOGY

                General life sciences

                fenologia, ornitocoria, Miconia, frugivoria, cerrado, phenology, ornitochory, frugivory

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