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      Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infections.

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          Abstract

          Chlamydia trachomatis infections affect young, sexually active persons. Risk factors include multiple partners and failure to use condoms. The incidence of infection has increased in the past 10 years. Untreated C. trachomatis infections are responsible for a large proportion of salpingitis, ectopic pregnancy, infertility and, to a lesser extent, epididymitis. Screening is a possible intervention to control the infection, which is often asymptomatic. The emergence of lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis in men who have sex with men, in Europe, and of a variant with a deletion in the cryptic plasmid, in Sweden, are new features of C. trachomatis infections in the last years. A diagnosis is best made by using nucleic acid amplification tests, because they perform well and do not require invasive procedures for specimen collection. Single-dose therapy has been a significant development for treatment of an uncomplicated infection of the patient and his or her sexual partner.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Clin Microbiol Infect
          Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
          Wiley
          1469-0691
          1198-743X
          Jan 2009
          : 15
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratoire de Bactériologie EA 3671, Infections Humaines à Mycoplasmes et Chlamydiae, CNR des Infections à Chlamydiae, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France. christiane.bebear@u-bordeaux2.fr
          Article
          CLM2647
          10.1111/j.1469-0691.2008.02647.x
          19220334
          1fca0ff9-4c05-43ba-b4e6-da4f6f6987b1
          History

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