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      Reasons for sleeping difficulties as perceived by adolescents: a content analysis

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          Abstract

          Sleeping difficulties are increasingly prevalent among adolescents worldwide and have negative consequences for adolescent health and education. The aim of this study was to describe the reasons for sleeping difficulties as perceived by adolescents. Sleeping difficulties include insufficient sleep, trouble falling asleep, waking up at night or sleep that does not leave an individual rested. Data were collected in 2015 using an open‐ended question. The sample consisted of = 475 adolescents from a city in Sweden, aged 15–16 years, with self‐assessed sleeping difficulties. The results described the reasons for the adolescents’ sleeping difficulties, at a general, thematic level, as an imbalance between requirements and preconditions, distributed to stress, technology use, poor sleep habits, existential thoughts, needs and suffering. To find a balance in their daily lives, adolescents may need support from parents, school nurses and school health services to deal with their sleeping difficulties.

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          Most cited references25

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          In search of lost sleep: secular trends in the sleep time of school-aged children and adolescents.

          Sleep deficits are associated with a wide range of detrimental physical and mental health outcomes. There is concern that children are not getting enough sleep, and that sleep duration has been declining. However, evidence is sparse. A systematic review of world literature was conducted to locate studies reporting the sleep duration of children aged 5-18 years. Monte Carlo simulation was used to generate pseudodata from summary data, which were combined with raw data and analysed by linear regression of sleep duration on year of measurement at the age × sex × day type × country level. Data were available on 690,747 children from 20 countries, dating from 1905 to 2008. From these data, 641 regressions were derived. The sample-weighted median rate of change was -0.75 min nightly per year, indicating a decrease of more than 1 h per night over the study period. Rates of change were negative across age, sex and day type categories, but varied according to region, with Europe, the USA, Canada and Asia showing decreases and Australia, the UK and Scandinavia showing increases. Over the last 103 years, there have been consistent rapid declines in the sleep duration of children and adolescents. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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            Functional consequences of inadequate sleep in adolescents: a systematic review.

            During adolescence, changes in sleep patterns due to biological and environmental factors are well documented. Later bedtimes and inadequate sleep, i.e., short and disrupted sleep patterns, insomnia and daytime sleepiness, have become increasingly common. Accumulating evidence suggests that sleep plays a crucial role in healthy adolescent development. This review systematically explores descriptive evidence, based on prospective and cross sectional investigations, indicating that inadequate sleep is associated with negative outcomes in several areas of health and functioning, including somatic and psychosocial health, school performance and risk taking behavior. Findings highlight the need for longitudinal investigations aimed at establishing the underpinnings of these associations and for developing and implementing interventions designed to achieve healthier and more balanced sleep patterns in the adolescent population.
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              “I don’t want to miss a thing”: Adolescents’ fear of missing out and its relationship to adolescents’ social needs, Facebook use, and Facebook related stress

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: PhD Studentmalin.jakobsson@hb.se
                Role: Professor of Caring Science and Research Leader in Elderly Research
                Role: Senior Lecturer in Nursing Science
                Journal
                Scand J Caring Sci
                Scand J Caring Sci
                10.1111/(ISSN)1471-6712
                SCS
                Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                0283-9318
                1471-6712
                05 September 2019
                June 2020
                : 34
                : 2 ( doiID: 10.1111/scs.v34.2 )
                : 464-473
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden
                Author notes
                [*] [* ] Correspondence to:

                Malin Jakobsson, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, 501 90 Borås, Sweden.

                E‐mail: malin.jakobsson@ 123456hb.se

                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7344-1515
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7117-9808
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0248-0605
                Article
                SCS12750
                10.1111/scs.12750
                7328685
                31487078
                20aad20d-7df5-43ac-89d5-3bf7b0445d62
                © 2019 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Nordic College of Caring Science.

                This is an open access article under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 17 April 2019
                : 09 August 2019
                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 2, Pages: 10, Words: 8114
                Funding
                Funded by: Ebba Danelius Stiftelse
                Funded by: Stiftelsen Tornspiran , open-funder-registry 10.13039/100010819;
                Funded by: Sparbanksstiftelsen Sjuhärad , open-funder-registry 10.13039/501100009787;
                Funded by: Irisstipendiet
                Categories
                Empirical Studies
                Empirical Studies
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                June 2020
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:5.8.4 mode:remove_FC converted:26.06.2020

                sleeping difficulties,adolescent,perception,questionnaire,content analysis

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