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      Early Development of High-Degree Atrioventricular Block in Inferior Acute Myocardial Infarction Is Predicted by a J-Point/R-Wave Ratio above 0.5 on Admission

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          Abstract

          This study assessed the ability of simple clinical and electrocardiographic (ECG) variables routinely obtained on admission to identify patients with inferior myocardial infarction who are at high risk of developing high-degree atrioventricular (AV) block within the first 24 h of hospitalization in 205 patients. The admission ECGs were classified into two patterns based on the J-point to R-wave amplitude ratio: pattern 1: those with J-point/R-wave ratio <0.5; pattern 2: patients with J-point/R-wave ratio ≥0.5 in ≥2 inferior leads (II, III and aVF). High-degree AV block was found in 10.2% of the patients (21 of 205 patients; 5 and 16% of the patients with initial patterns 1 and 2, respectively, p = 0.014). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the only variables independently associated with high-degree AV block were the initial ECG pattern 2 versus 1 (odds ratio, OR, 4.47, 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.18–16.9; p = 0.0276), age (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.01–1.12; p = 0.0254); Killip class >1 (OR 2.33, CI 0.83–6.54; p = 0.1065) and thrombolytic therapy (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.11–0.93; p = 0.037).

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1998
          March 1999
          22 March 1999
          : 90
          : 4
          : 274-279
          Affiliations
          Department of Cardiology and Epidemiology Unit, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tiqva, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
          Article
          6858 Cardiology 1998;90:274–279
          10.1159/000006858
          10085489
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 38, Pages: 6
          Categories
          Coronary Care

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