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      Comportamento de predação e conversão alimentar de Podisus nigrispinus sobre a traça-do-tomateiro Translated title: Predatory behavior and food conversion of Podisus nigrispinus preying on tomato leafminer

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          Abstract

          O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da predação de Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) por ninfas e adultos de Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) na reprodução desse predador, em casa telada (30±5ºC, 61±23% de UR e fotoperíodo natural) e em laboratório (28±1°C, 53±5% de UR e fotoperíodo de 14L:10E). Ninfas de P. nigrispinus, a partir do segundo ínstar e os adultos originados dessas ninfas, foram confinados em folhas de tomate industrial var. IPA5, com dez lagartas de terceiro ou quarto ínstares de T. absoluta. A taxa de predação do segundo ao quinto ínstar de P. nigrispinus foi de 6,2, 6,6, 8,6 e 15,5 lagartas em casa telada e de 9,1, 11,1, 8,7 e 12,9 lagartas em laboratório, respectivamente. P. nigrispinus predou, durante sua fase ninfal, um número semelhante de lagartas de T. absoluta em casa telada (38,2±1,78) e laboratório (43,1±2,19), alimentandose, em média, de 2,3 e 2,5 lagartas por dia, respectivamente, nesses dois ambientes. Fêmeas de P. nigrispinus predaram, em média, 50,8±6,1 e 50,3±10,6 lagartas no laboratório e casa telada. A conversão do alimento por fêmea de P. nigrispinus foi semelhante nos dois ambientes, tendo produzido 0,31 ovos/lagarta de T. absoluta consumida em casa telada e 0,41 ovos/lagarta em laboratório.

          Translated abstract

          This work aimed to determine the predatory behavior of nymphs and adults of Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) and its reproduction preying upon Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) under open sided greenhouse (30±5ºC, 61±23% RH and natural photophase) and laboratory (28±1°C, 53±5% RH and 14 hours of photophase) conditions. Second to later instars and adults of P. nigrispinus were caged on processing tomato var. IPA5 leaves infested with ten T. absoluta third or fourth instars. P. nigrispinus from second to fifth instar preyed on 9.1, 11.1, 8.7 and 12.9 caterpillars in the laboratory and 6.2, 6.6, 8.6 and 15.5 caterpillars in the open sided greenhouse. Thus, P. nigrispinus fed on similar number of T. absoluta caterpillars under laboratory (43.1±2.19) and open sided greenhouse (38.2±1.78) conditions, preying on 2.5 and 2.3 caterpillars per day, respectively, in these environments. Average P. nigrispinus female predation was 50.8±6.1 and 50.3±10.6 caterpillars in laboratory and open sided greenhouse, respectively. Food conversion per P. nigrispinus female was similar between environments with production of 0.31 eggs per consumed caterpillar in open sided greenhouse, and 0.41 eggs in laboratory.

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          Principles of Insect Predation

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            Population Stability and Life History Phenomena

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              Taxonomic synopsis of the asopine Pentatomidae (Heteroptera) of the Western Hemisphere

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                pab
                Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
                Pesq. agropec. bras.
                Embrapa Informação Tecnológica (Brasília )
                1678-3921
                May 2002
                : 37
                : 5
                : 581-587
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
                [2 ] Universidade Federal de Viçosa Brazil
                Article
                S0100-204X2002000500002
                10.1590/S0100-204X2002000500002
                235c10ab-90df-446d-a9e1-d2450562cb55

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0100-204X&lng=en
                Categories
                AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE
                AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

                Animal agriculture,General agriculture
                Lycopersicum esculentum,nymphs,predators,biological control,protected cultivation,ninfas,predadores,controle biológico,cultivo protegido

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