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      Quality of diabetes care among patients managed by teleconsultation.

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          Abstract

          We studied a new teamwork-based teleconsultation model for treating patients with diabetes, where a specialist in diabetes care, a diabetes nurse and a patient attended by videoconference. The study series consisted of all the patients (n = 101) at three health centres in northern Finland whose care was provided by a single physician at a remote diabetes clinic. A total of 101 patients with diabetes (19 of type 1 and 82 of type 2) were studied at baseline and at 10-14 months after the first consultation. Mean HbA(1c) was 8.0% at baseline and 7.6% at follow-up (P = 0.007). The proportion of patients with poor glycaemic control decreased from 32% to 13%. Mean LDL cholesterol was 3.3 mmol/L at baseline and 2.7 mmol/L at follow-up (P < 0.001). The percentage of patients with optimum lipid levels increased from 20% to 50%. Mean systolic blood pressure was 146 mmHg at baseline and had decreased by 6 mmHg at follow-up (P = 0.004). The percentage of patients with poor blood pressure control decreased from 19% to 8%. The most common changes in medication were the introduction or modification of insulin treatment and the introduction of statin and antihypertensive drugs and acetylsalicylic acid. Although the study was uncontrolled, there were improvements in glucose and LDL cholesterol levels and blood pressure in patients who were managed by teleconsultation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Telemed Telecare
          Journal of telemedicine and telecare
          SAGE Publications
          1758-1109
          1357-633X
          2008
          : 14
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Box 5000, FIN-90014 Finland. tuula.nikkanen@fimnet.fi
          Article
          14/6/295
          10.1258/jtt.2008.080313
          18776074

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