Objective To compare myopia prevalence among primary school students in Suqian before and after COVID-19 epidemic, so as to provide a reference for prevention and scientific propaganda of myopia.
Methods Mass sampling was conducted for pupils from 39 primary schools in Suqian during 2019-2020 for ophthalmic examination, including measurement of uncorrected visial acuity and noncycloplegic refractometry. The data of 76 823 and 76 039 students aged 6 to 12 years were statistically analyzed, and the differences of myopia prevalence in two years were compared under different demographic characteristics.
Results The myopic rate before and after the epidemic was 30.2% and 36.9%, respectively.The two examinations all obtained that the myopic rate increased with age, the myopic rate of girls (32.3%, 40.0%) was higher than that of boys (28.3%, 34.2%), and the myopic rate of urban students (34.3%, 41.5%) was higher than that of rural students (26.5%, 32.2%). The myopic rate increased significantly at all ages, with students aged 9 to 11 accounted for the most (by 8.6 to 10.7 percentage point), the myopic rate by genders and areas increased significantly, among which female and urban students increased the most (7.7, 7.2 percentage point).
Conclusion After the epidemic, the myopic rate was 1.2 times that of 2019. The myopic rate increased significantly under different demographic characteristics. The myopic situation was not optimistic.
【摘要】 目的 比较新冠肺炎疫情前后宿迁市小学生筛查性近视率, 为近视防控及科普宣教提供依据。 方法 于2019 与2020年采用整群抽样方法对宿迁市39所小学的学生进行眼健康体检, 包括测量裸眼视力、非睫状肌麻痹电脑验光, 分 别对76 823,76 039名6~12岁小学生进行统计分析, 比较2年筛查性近视率在不同人口学特征下的差异。 结果 疫情前 后筛查性近视率分别为30.2%, 36.9%, 2次检查均得出筛查性近视率随年龄增加而增加, 女生近视率 (32.3%, 40.0%)高于 男生 (28.3%, 34.2%), 城市学生近视率 (34.3%, 41.5%)高于农村(26.5%, 32.2%)。各年龄阶段近视率增加均明显, 其中以 9~11岁增加最多 (增加量为 8.6~10.7 百分点), 不同性别、城乡小学生近视率增加均明显, 女生、城市小学生增加最多 (分 别增加 7.7, 7.2 百分点)。 结论 疫情后宿迁市小学生筛查性近视率是 2019 年的 1.2 倍, 在不同人口学特征下均增加, 疫情 后近视现状不容乐观。