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      Piloting a Flexible Solicited Diary Study With Marginalized Latina Women During the COVID-19 Pandemic


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          Little is known about the experiences of minority stress among Latina women who have sex with both women and men (WSWM), a sexual and gender minority group situated at the intersection of multiple marginalized identities. The current article presents an exploratory study aimed at addressing this knowledge gap. The research utilized a flexible diary-interview method (DIM) to investigate stress-related experiences among Mexican American WSWM residing in an economically disadvantaged community in the U.S. during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. A detailed description of the study is provided, including information on the background, methodology, participants’ experiences, and how the project was managed remotely by a virtual research team. Twenty-one participants were asked to maintain a diary for a 6-week period spanning from March to September 2021. They submitted weekly entries in diverse formats (visual, audio, typed, and handwritten) through a user-friendly website or via mail while communicating regularly with researchers over the phone. Following the diarizing period, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted to clarify pertinent information within the entries and validate researchers’ preliminary interpretations. Out of the initial 21 enrollees, 14 participants stopped diarizing at different stages, and nine completed the entire study. Despite facing challenges exacerbated by the pandemic, participants reported the diary-keeping process as a positive experience that offered an authentic outlet to share parts of their lives they seldom reveal. The implementation of this study highlights two significant methodological insights. Firstly, it emphasizes the value of employing a DIM to explore intersectional narratives. Secondly, it underscores the importance of adopting a flexible and sensitive approach in qualitative health research, particularly when engaging individuals from minoritized groups.

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            Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence.

            Ilan Meyer (2003)
            In this article the author reviews research evidence on the prevalence of mental disorders in lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (LGBs) and shows, using meta-analyses, that LGBs have a higher prevalence of mental disorders than heterosexuals. The author offers a conceptual framework for understanding this excess in prevalence of disorder in terms of minority stress--explaining that stigma, prejudice, and discrimination create a hostile and stressful social environment that causes mental health problems. The model describes stress processes, including the experience of prejudice events, expectations of rejection, hiding and concealing, internalized homophobia, and ameliorative coping processes. This conceptual framework is the basis for the review of research evidence, suggestions for future research directions, and exploration of public policy implications.
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              A General Inductive Approach for Analyzing Qualitative Evaluation Data

              D R Thomas (2006)

                Author and article information

                Int J Qual Methods
                Int J Qual Methods
                International Journal of Qualitative Methods
                SAGE Publications (Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA )
                8 June 2023
                Jan-Dec 2023
                8 June 2023
                : 22
                : 16094069231183119
                [1 ]Department of Sociology, Ringgold 2813, universityDavidson College; , Davidson, NC, USA
                [2 ]Miller School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Center for HIV and Research in Mental Health, Ringgold 12235, universityUniversity of Miami; , Miami, FL, USA
                [3 ]Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, Ringgold 5116, universityUniversity of Southern California; , Los Angeles, CA, USA
                [4 ]Department of Sociology and Criminology, universityUniversity of Miami; , Miami, FL, USA
                Author notes
                [*]Kapriskie Seide, Department of Sociology, Davidson College, 209 Ridge Road, PO Box 7139, Davidson 28035-7139, NC, USA. Email: kaseide@ 123456davidson.edu

                Co-first authors.

                Author information
                © The Author(s) 2023

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                Funded by: National Institute on Drug Abuse, FundRef https://doi.org/10.13039/100000026;
                Award ID: R01DA03926
                Funded by: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)-funded Center for Latino Health Research Opportunities (CLaRO);
                Award ID: U54MD002266
                Regular Article
                Custom metadata
                January-December 2023

                methods in qualitative inquiry,interpretive description,photo elicitation,photonarrative,virtual environments,narrative analysis


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