The transition from pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) to renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a stressful event. Anxiety, depression and stress are frequent conditions in this population, and might play a role on the choice of dialysis modality.
This is a prospective study that included stages 4-5 CKD patients during a dialysis multi-disciplinary education program. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were evaluated. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and a Perceived Stress Scale assessed levels of anxiety, depression and stress, respectively.
A total of 67 from 190 recruited patients were included (59 ± 15 years, 54% males). Comparing patients who chose peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), there were no differences on anxiety ( p = 0.55), and depression scores ( p = 0.467), and stress ( p = 0.854). Anxious ( p = 0.007) and depressive ( p = 0.030) patients presented lower levels of phosphate than those not affected. There was a significant correlation ( p < 0.0001) between anxiety and depression scores ( R 2 = 0.573), anxiety and stress scores ( R 2 = 0.542), depression and stress scores ( R 2 = 0.514). At the end of study, 29.8% of patients had already started on dialysis, and scores of anxiety, depression and stress reduced significantly (all p values < 0.0001), from 5.9 ± 3.3 to 1.8 ± 1.8, from 7.7 ± 4.0 to 3.8 ± 2.9 and from 28.6 ± 7.8 to 10.0 ± 6.2, respectively, regardless of which therapy was chosen.