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      Primary biliary cirrhosis an epithelitis: evidence of abnormal salivary gland immunohistochemistry.

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          Abstract

          Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune liver disease of unknown etiology. Nearly 93% of patients with PBC exhibit evidence of focal sialoadenitis. In an earlier study, we reported evidence of aberrant expression of PDC-E2, or a mimeotope, in the salivary glands of patients with PBC that had Sjogren's syndrome. At the time of the previous study, data was not yet available regarding patients with PBC without sicca complaints. Therefore, to investigate the extent of salivary gland involvement in PBC, we collected lip biopsy sections from 9 PBC patients diagnosed as PBC by liver biopsy, without clinical or histologic features of Sjogren's syndrome and 9 PBC patients with established Sjogren's syndrome. Using immunohistochemical staining with both a murine monoclonal antibody. C355.1, and a human combinatorial antibody, SP4, we examined the ducts of these salivary glands for the presence of the characteristic aberrant staining pattern found in patients with PBC. We report that 6/9 PBC patients fulfilling established Sjogren's syndrome criteria and 6/9 PBC patients lacking features of Sjogren's syndrome showed intense staining of the ductal epithelial cells of the salivary gland. These data suggest that the PBC-specific antigen recognized by C355.1 and SP4 in bile duct epithelial cells is expressed aberrantly in the salivary gland in 66% of patients with PBC, independent of Sjogren's syndrome. This finding suggests a common disease process in these two tissues. Further, expression of this molecule may be an early marker of salivary gland involvement in patients with PBC.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Autoimmunity
          Autoimmunity
          0891-6934
          0891-6934
          1997
          : 26
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Pathology, Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Japan.
          Article
          9556352
          309850c2-ed31-4c9f-a594-4a155bf03701
          History

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