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      Electronically highly cubic conditions for Ru in \(\alpha -{\mathbf{RuCl}}_{3}\)

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          Most cited references 45

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          Anyons in an exactly solved model and beyond

           Alexei Kitaev (2005)
          A spin 1/2 system on a honeycomb lattice is studied. The interactions between nearest neighbors are of XX, YY or ZZ type, depending on the direction of the link; different types of interactions may differ in strength. The model is solved exactly by a reduction to free fermions in a static \(\mathbb{Z}_{2}\) gauge field. A phase diagram in the parameter space is obtained. One of the phases has an energy gap and carries excitations that are Abelian anyons. The other phase is gapless, but acquires a gap in the presence of magnetic field. In the latter case excitations are non-Abelian anyons whose braiding rules coincide with those of conformal blocks for the Ising model. We also consider a general theory of free fermions with a gapped spectrum, which is characterized by a spectral Chern number \(\nu\). The Abelian and non-Abelian phases of the original model correspond to \(\nu=0\) and \(\nu=\pm 1\), respectively. The anyonic properties of excitation depend on \(\nu\bmod 16\), whereas \(\nu\) itself governs edge thermal transport. The paper also provides mathematical background on anyons as well as an elementary theory of Chern number for quasidiagonal matrices.
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            Novel Jeff = 1/2 Mott State Induced by Relativistic Spin-Orbit Coupling in Sr2IrO4

             C. Kim,  B. Kim,  Jaeju Yu (2008)
            We investigated electronic structure of 5d transition-metal oxide Sr2IrO4 using angle-resolved photoemission, optical conductivity, and x-ray absorption measurements and first-principles band calculations. The system was found to be well described by novel effective total angular momentum Jeff states, in which relativistic spin-orbit (SO) coupling is fully taken into account under a large crystal field. Despite of delocalized Ir 5d states, the Jeff-states form so narrow bands that even a small correlation energy leads to the Jeff = 1/2 Mott ground state with unique electronic and magnetic behaviors, suggesting a new class of the Jeff quantum spin driven correlated-electron phenomena.
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              Antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state in single crystals of the honeycomb lattice materialNa2IrO3

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                PRBMDO
                Physical Review B
                Phys. Rev. B
                American Physical Society (APS)
                2469-9950
                2469-9969
                October 2017
                October 12 2017
                : 96
                : 16
                Article
                10.1103/PhysRevB.96.161107
                © 2017
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