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      New technologies` impact on workforce and labor law

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          Abstract

          If we look back, evaluating the last two centuries, the productive environments of our societies have experienced several industrial revolutions that caused great changes in production and that, in turn, generated important changes in societies at all times. Likewise, the digital transformation that has been incorporated into the bases of companies, each one in its measure, has not yet reached its maximum potential, but it has changed the way we live and, therefore, the way we work. Historically, automation has come from the hand of specialization, not because of the manufacture of tractors the land has been stopped, but more has been produced and that production has been managed in favor of employment and economic health. Technological transformations hand in hand with digitalization and artificial intelligence generate opportunities, but they also represent a threat to a good part of traditional jobs and professions, since changes are rapid and the impact of new technologies is much greater; thus, the change in the training and qualification of workers is necessary. Like the looms in the 18th century and the production models at the beginning of the 20th, digital transformation is our present, but it will be much more powerful in the future, as it entails and will entail a redefinition of the labor market and the law that governs it. regulates. Globalization and technological changes have generated a need to address labor law from a global perspective; Furthermore, this right must not only be active, but also effective, solid, in accordance with international decent work standards.

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          The revolution of communication and its effect on our life

          The twentieth century brought about a lot of changes, especially in the fields of industry, information technology and communication. As a result of these phenomena also our everyday life has changed radically. In this article I would like to introduce that how did these new technological advancements affect the social life of humanity. In the beginning of history communication was totally limited by the distance. If someone was further than the other’s noise or sight could reach, then they could not exchange any information without coming closer to each other. This way the people were more separated and the different nations were developing in very different ways. Through the appearance of the various communicational devices the distances were shorter and shorter, until that grade that nowadays we can hold and international conference with the participants being on distant locations of the world. Disabled people can work from their homes through internet. We don’t need to go out even for shopping, because we can order the product and it comes to our home. Universities offer tele-courses where people can receive not only the education but even a diploma, without ever setting foot in the building of the institution. The world truly became a global village, where we can reach anyone, anywhere, from the comfort of our sofa. All these changes in our lifestyle happened so rapidly that even my parents cannot really grasp it, not to mention about the grandparents. The last 20 years brought about so many new things that most of the people don’t even know about their existence. The Homo Sapiens Sapiens evolved to Homo Sapiens Communicationis, with his inseparable tool: the mobile phone.
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            Various perspectives of labor and human resources challenges and changes due to automation and artificial intelligence.

            The constant technological changes and its impact in the labor force are causing a domino effect that can change corporate culture, laws and workers in upcoming years. The importance of Artificial Intelligence for companies is also a mayor subject that may cause conflicts among cities around the world. Seasonal workers, 24 hours contracts, and informal methods of employments are reducing the possibilities of collective agreements and job satisfaction. Consequently, the so-called “Information Society”, labor modifications and role transformations have played a key role and have had an ascending evolution. There are different jobs that have been relegated to a substantial change in different industries due to all the information technology advances and robotics innovations. This process will increase in upcoming decades by establishing new types of jobs to sustain this changing economy. The controversy starts when this “macro” and “micro” vision collide with those people who have been dismissed due to the automation process. Because of the facts mentioned and current market trends, we can confirm that digital changes and transformations will continue to increase.
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              Technical Change and Social Revolution

              The concept and the term “industrial revolution” are far from being universally accepted. Historians and economists with a conservative inclination tend to criticize them more or less severely. My general theses is that the “industrial revolution” has been, in the first place, a true revolution, that is an epoch making break with the past. In the second place, that such a break has not been so far fully analyzed in its impact on the global society. The “industrial revolution” has been undoubtedly explored and discussed especially by the economic historians in its social, economic, and political terms. This is necessary, but not sufficient. The critical examination of its broad culture and scientific impact is lagging behind. In particular, it has not been fully recognized that power and science, as a result of the industrial revolution, have changed their nature. The bases of legitimacy for power have shifted from traditional or democratic acceptance to rational accountability.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                Academicus International Scientific Journal
                Academicus Journal
                20793715
                23091088
                January 2022
                January 2022
                : 25
                : 75-90
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Nebrija University, Spain
                [2 ]Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, Spain
                Article
                10.7336/academicus.2022.25.05
                345d7cad-0582-4510-adc8-e084f8e9e801
                © 2022

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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