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      Development of an operational substrate for ZapA, a metalloprotease secreted by the bacterium Proteus mirabilis

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          Abstract

          The protease ZapA, secreted by Proteus mirabilis, has been considered to be a virulence factor of this opportunistic bacterium. The control of its expression requires the use of an appropriate methodology, which until now has not been developed. The present study focused on the replacement of azocasein with fluorogenic substrates, and on the definition of enzyme specificity. Eight fluorogenic substrates were tested, and the peptide Abz-Ala-Phe-Arg-Ser-Ala-Ala-Gln-EDDnp was found to be the most convenient for use as an operational substrate for ZapA. A single peptide bond (Arg-Ser) was cleaved with a Km of 4.6 µM, a k cat of 1.73 s-1, and a catalytic efficiency of 376 (mM s)-1. Another good substrate for ZapA was peptide 6 (Abz-Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg-Gln-EDDnp) which was cleaved at a single bond (Phe-Ser) with a Km of 13.6 µM, a k cat of 3.96 s-1 and a catalytic efficiency of 291 (mM s)-1. The properties of the amino acids flanking the scissile bonds were also evaluated, and no clear requirement for the amino acid residue at P1 was found, although the enzyme seems to have a preference for a hydrophobic residue at P2.

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          Most cited references13

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          Statistical estimations in enzyme kinetics.

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            Enzyme Kinetics

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              Proteinases in Mammalian Cells and Tissues

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                bjmbr
                Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
                Braz J Med Biol Res
                Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (Ribeirão Preto )
                1414-431X
                July 2000
                : 33
                : 7
                : 765-770
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Federal de São Paulo Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
                [4 ] Instituto Butantan Brasil
                Article
                S0100-879X2000000700006
                10.1590/S0100-879X2000000700006
                34b5c47e-83fd-48ea-85f5-a46c71274843

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0100-879X&lng=en
                Categories
                BIOLOGY
                MEDICINE, RESEARCH & EXPERIMENTAL

                Medicine,General life sciences
                metalloprotease,substrate specificity,quenched fluorescence peptides,Proteus mirabilis

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