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      New Melissiodontinae (Mammalia, Rodentia) from the Paleogene of south-east Serbia

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          Abstract

          Isolated teeth of Melissiodontinae from two Eocene and four Oligocene localities in southeastern Serbia are described. One new genus and two new species are named. The study of the derived morphology of the cheek teeth and of the contrastingly primordial microstructure of the tooth enamel of this diverse material provides a glimpse into the early history of the subfamily. The supposedly Asian murid ancestor of the Melissiodontinae seems to have reached the Serbian-Macedonian land area during the early or middle Eocene, which is shortly after the split up of the Muridae and Dipodidae and before the ‘Grande Coupure’ of central and Western Europe. We interpret the rapid consequent specialisation of the morphology of the chewing apparatus of the Melissiodontinae as an adaptation to feeding on small invertebrates on the floor of the Eocene forest.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Die Hamsterartigen Nagetiere des Tertiärs und ihre lebenden Verwandten

           S Schaub (1925)
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            Rodents from the middle Oligocene of Turkish Thrace

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              Incisor enamel microstructure and its implications to higher level systematics of Eurasian Oligocene and Early Miocene hamsters (Rodentia)

               DC Kalthoff (2006)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                w.wessels@uu.nl
                a.vandeweerd@uu.nl
                HdBruijn@uu.nl
                zoran.markovic@nhmbeo.rs
                Journal
                Paleobiodivers Paleoenviron
                Paleobiodivers Paleoenviron
                Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments
                Springer Berlin Heidelberg (Berlin/Heidelberg )
                1867-1594
                1867-1608
                27 January 2018
                27 January 2018
                2018
                : 98
                : 3
                : 471-487
                Affiliations
                [1 ]ISNI 0000000120346234, GRID grid.5477.1, Department of Earth Sciences, , Utrecht University, ; Princetonlaan 8A, 3584 CB Utrecht, The Netherlands
                [2 ]Natural History Museum in Belgrade, Njegoševa 51, Belgrade, 1100 Serbia
                Article
                311
                10.1007/s12549-017-0311-2
                6417381
                © The Author(s) 2017

                Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

                Funding
                Funded by: Utrecht University
                Categories
                Original Paper
                Custom metadata
                © Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

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