Using immunohistochemistry, vitamin D-dependent calcium binding protein (D-CaBP) has been detected in human retina. In the photoreceptor layer the cones are positive but the rods are negative. In the inner nuclear layer, horizontal cells and some bipolar cells are D-CaBP. In the ganglion cell layer both small and large somata are immunoreactive for D-CaBP. Beaded fibres from the outer plexiform, inner plexiform and fibre layers are also positive.