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      Dromokaition Psychiatric Hospital of Athens: from its establishment in 1887 to the era of deinstitutionalization

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          Abstract

          Dromokaition Psychiatric Hospital opened its doors in 1887, following the donation made by Zorzis Dromokaitis from the island of Chios. Private donations and all forms of charities had contributed to a large extent in the establishment of hospitals across Greece, during the late 19th and the early 20th century. Dromokaition was one of them but it was also unique, as it was the first psychiatric hospital in Athens, admitting patients from every part of the country. This paper aimed at highlighting the long service of the institution through the different historical periods the country went through. We present the chronicle of its foundation, the development of its inner structure, and the medical and organizational influences which it received, along the way. The therapeutic methods used during the first decades of its operation reflected the corresponding European standards of the time. As a model institution from its foundation, it followed closely the prevailing European guidelines, throughout its historical path, either as an independent institution or as an integrated one within the National Health Service.

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          A hundred and fifteen years of social service

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            A hundred and fifteen years of social service

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              History of psychiatry in Greece, institutions, establishments and social framework. Thessaloniki: Synchrona Themata/Triapsis Logos. 1850–1920

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                xipemaba@otenet.gr
                diploump@med.uoa.gr
                ctsiamis@med.uoa.gr
                efpoulrebel@med.uoa.gr
                iliappas@eginitio.uoa.gr
                Journal
                Ann Gen Psychiatry
                Ann Gen Psychiatry
                Annals of General Psychiatry
                BioMed Central (London )
                1744-859X
                15 February 2015
                15 February 2015
                2015
                : 14
                : 7
                Affiliations
                [ ]Psychiatric Hospital of Athens Dromokaition, 84 Kallisthenous str., Athens, 11852 Greece
                [ ]1st Department of Psychiatry, Medical School of Athens, Athens, Greece
                [ ]Department of Microbiology, Medical School of Athens, Athens, Greece
                [ ]History of Medicine, Medical School of Athens, Athens, Greece
                [ ]2nd Department of Psychiatry, Medical School of Athens, Athens, Greece
                Article
                47
                10.1186/s12991-015-0047-1
                4332453
                3deaf538-3ddb-4e77-9368-e732975cebc4
                © Fiste et al.; licensee BioMed Central. 2015

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

                History
                : 31 May 2014
                : 27 January 2015
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                © The Author(s) 2015

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                dromokaition psychiatric hospital,internment,biological psychiatry,psychosurgery,occupational therapy,deinstitutionalization,private donation

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