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      From conceptualizing to measuring HIV stigma: a review of HIV stigma mechanism measures.

      1 ,

      AIDS and behavior

      Springer Science and Business Media LLC

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          Abstract

          Recent analyses suggest that lack of clarity in the conceptualization and measurement of HIV stigma at an individual level is a significant barrier to HIV prevention and treatment efforts. In order to address this concern, we articulate a new framework designed to aid in clarifying the conceptualization and measurement of HIV stigma among individuals. The HIV Stigma Framework explores how the stigma of HIV elicits a series of stigma mechanisms, which in turn lead to deleterious outcomes for HIV uninfected and infected people. We then apply this framework to review measures developed to gauge the effect of HIV stigma since the beginning of the epidemic. Finally, we emphasize the utility of using three questions to guide future HIV stigma research: who is affected by, how are they affected by, and what are the outcomes of HIV stigma?

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AIDS Behav
          AIDS and behavior
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1573-3254
          1090-7165
          Dec 2009
          : 13
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269-1020, USA. valerie.earnshaw@uconn.edu
          Article
          NIHMS706279
          10.1007/s10461-009-9593-3
          4511707
          19636699
          3f46cc66-fe0e-440c-88d1-b427557abd02

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