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      A reforma psiquiátrica brasileira, da década de 1980 aos dias atuais: história e conceitos Translated title: Psychiatry reform in Brazil from the 1980's to present days: its history and concepts

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          Abstract

          O artigo faz uma revisão da reforma psiquiátrica brasileira nas décadas de 1980 e 1990, até a promulgação da Lei de Saúde Mental, em abril de 2001. Aborda os conceitos básicos que distinguem o processo atual de iniciativas anteriores. Apresenta os antecedentes do processo atual; os conceitos e valores que caracterizam a reforma brasileira; as experiências inaugurais de Santos (SP) e do Centro de Atenção Psicossocial (Caps) Luiz Cerqueira em São Paulo; a iniciativa de revisão legislativa, com uma análise da lei finalmente aprovada; a tendência das políticas públicas de saúde mental no período aqui abarcado, incluindo as portarias 224/92 e 106/2000 do Ministério da Saúde; a situação atual do processo de substituição asilar no país e a reestruturação da assistência no município do Rio de Janeiro.

          Translated abstract

          This article presents a brief history of the Brazilian psychiatry reform from the 1980's and 1990's to April 2001, when the Mental Health Law was finally signed. The author discusses the basic concepts that characterize the present condition of the reform as opposed to those of previous initiatives. He also presents a general view of the preceding events to the present process; the concepts and values that characterize the Brazilian reform; the first experiments in São Paulo; the legislative initiative with an analysis of the new law; the different public policies in relation to mental health during the period analyzed with a copy of the Ministry of Health Ordinances 224/92 and 106/2000; the present condition of the de-institutionalization process in the country and the restructuring of the assistance system in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro.

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          Most cited references 33

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          Loucos pela vida: trajetória da reforma psiquiátrica no Brasil

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            A psicanálise e a clínica da reforma psiquiátrica

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              História da loucura na idade clássica

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                hcsm
                História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos
                Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos
                Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro )
                1678-4758
                April 2002
                : 9
                : 1
                : 25-59
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                Article
                S0104-59702002000100003
                10.1590/S0104-59702002000100003
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

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