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      Frentes marítimo-fluviales en ciudades españolas: nuevos espacios urbanos Translated title: Frentes marítimo-fluviales em cidades espanholas: novos espaços urbanos Translated title: Waterfronts in Spanish cities: new urban spaces

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          Abstract

          Resumen En los últimos treinta años muchas ciudades españolas han abordado la renovación de sus frentes marítimos y fluviales, enfrentándose tanto a la obsolescencia de las actividades y usos que esos espacios acogían, como a la desconexión con los tejidos urbanos colindantes. Una selección de casos de estudio muestra la diversidad de estrategias que, con carácter general, logran la mejora a diferentes escalas de cuatro aspectos importantes: i) la conectividad territorial y entre tramas urbanas; ii) la redistribución de equipamientos en la ciudad; iii) la regeneración ambiental; y iv) una nueva articulación de las redes de espacios públicos urbanos y periurbanos. Los proyectos de renovación que han incluido los frentes marítimos y fluviales han supuesto no solo la transformación física del lugar, sino el cambio de percepción sobre estos espacios por parte de la población. La constatación de las preferencias y el uso social del espacio público en las áreas renovadas se analiza a través de las redes sociales, concretamente, a partir de los mapas de calor generados por el visor cartográfico Instasights.

          Translated abstract

          Resumo Durante os últimos trinta anos muitos frentes marítimas e fluviales de cidades espanholas renovaram-se, partindo de contexto com similitudes como a obsolescencia das actividades e usos que acolhiam, ou a desconexão com respeito aos tecidos urbanos colindantes. Uma selecção de casos de estudo mostra a diversidade de estratégias que, com carácter geral, conseguem a melhora a diferentes escalas de quatro aspectos importantes: i) a conectividade territorial e entre tramas urbanas; ii) a redistribuição de equipamentos na cidade; iii) a regeneração ambiental; e iv) uma nova articulação das redes de espaços públicos urbanos e periurbanos. O papel renovado, que para as frentes marítimas e fluviales têm proporcionado as diversas estratégias proyectuales, tem suposto não só a transformação física do lugar, sina também a mudança de percepção sobre estes espaços por parte da população. A constatación das preferências e actividades dos utentes nas áreas renovadas analisa-se através das redes sociais, concretamente, a partir dos mapas de calor gerados pelo visor cartográfico Instasights. Converte-se assim numa ferramenta que permite comprovar as hipóteses efectuadas sobre o uso social do espaço público nas frentes marítimo-fluviales estudados.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Many Spanish city waterfronts have been renewed in the last thirty years. These transformations had common origins, that is, the obsolescence of activities and land uses that were previously hosted, or the degradation and disconnection of these maritime and river fronts in relation to the surrounding urban fabric. A selection of case studies shows the diversity of contexts and strategies that finally resulted in four important improvements at different scales: i) increase in territorial and urban connectivity; ii) redistribution of facilities in the city, iii) environmental regeneration, and iv) an interconnected network of urban and peri-urban public spaces. River and maritime waterfronts have acquired a renewed role through regeneration strategies, which have not only transformed places physically but have also changed the population’s perception of these areas. Nowadays, changes in user perceptions can be readily accessed and identified by using social networks to analyze user preferences and activities in urban spaces. Specifically, heat-maps provided by Instasights’ cartography are generated by managing geolocated data and hashtags from images uploaded by users of Instagram social network. The resulting heat-maps provide a research tool that can cross-check assumptions made about the mix of activities occurring at urban waterfronts.

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          Most cited references 12

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              El 'modelo Barcelona' ¿Una fórmula original? De la 'reconstrucción' a los proyectos urbanos estratégicos (1997-2004)

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                biut
                Bitácora Urbano Territorial
                Bitácora Urbano Territorial
                Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Bogotá; Instituto de Investigaciones Hábitat, Ciudad y Territorio (Bogotá, Distrito Capital, Colombia )
                0124-7913
                December 2018
                : 28
                : 3
                : 71-79
                Affiliations
                Valencia orgnameUniversidad de Alicante Spain pablo.marti@ 123456ua.es
                Valencia orgnameUniversidad de Alicante Spain magarma@ 123456ua.es
                Article
                S0124-79132018000300071
                10.15446/bitacora.v28n3.72186

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 27, Pages: 9
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