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      Estenosis rectal benigna como expresión de endometriosis: A propósito de un caso

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          Abstract

          La Endometriosis consiste en la aparición y crecimiento de tejido endometrial fuera del útero. La causa es desconocida, También sugiere que puede ser hereditaria. Otros investigadores han señalado la participación del sistema inmunológico, y endocrino. En nuestro caso se evalúa a paciente femenina de 40 años de edad, quien acude por presentar proctalgia, estreñimiento, dolor abdominal, y pérdida de peso, niega antecedentes patológicos, embarazos y/o abortos; al examen funcional dismenorrea, ciclos menstruales regulares; examen físico sin alteraciones, abdomen sin megalias, al tacto rectal impresiona estenosis en recto bajo, por lo que se realiza estudio endoscópico inferior, y se constata estenosis en recto alto, de bordes regulares, concéntrica, de aspecto benigno, de aproximadamente 1,5 cm de diámetro. Se practica ultrasonido abdominal, pélvico, transvaginal, y tomografía de abdomen y pelvis, cuyo reporte coincide en diagnóstico de aglomeración de asas intestinales entre útero y recto, en relación a probable plastrón. En relación a la estenosis se inicia esquema de dilataciones con balón hidroneumático, no presenta mejoría, decidiéndose resolución quirúrgica. La biopsia de la pieza anatómica reporta endometriosis.

          Translated abstract

          Endometriosis consists on the appearance and growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus such as, in the ovaries, uterine ligaments, urinary bladder or the intestine. Endometriosis cause is unknown, nevertheless there are theories affirming that during menstruation, part of endometrial tissue implants itself and grows inside of the cavity. It is also suggested that it can be hereditary. Other researchers have pointed out immunologic and endocrine system involvement. On this center´s gastroenterology appointment is studied a 40 year-old female patient, who assists for presenting proctalgia and prolonged constipation, a loss of weight is associated. Patient denies pathologic background, as well as pregnancies and/or abortions to the physical examination. Patient is on stable clinical conditions, abdomen without any masses. Stenosis on low rectum is evidenced on rectum touch, and a regular-concentric benign stenosis is confirmed, with approximately 1,5cm of diameter. A transvaginal-abdominal-pelvic ultrasound examination, as well as an axial-abdominal and pelvic tomography is realized. Afterwards, dilations`scheme with a pneumatic ball was realized, nevertheless patient did not get better, in which case a surgical resolution, which an anatomic piece reports endometriosis, was decided.

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          Pathogenesis of endometriosis.

          This article reviews the pathogenesis of endometriosis, which involves retrograde dissemination of endometrium and/or development in situ by metaplasia, and there is evidence suggesting that genetic and hormonal factors may play a role. There is also substantial evidence that immunologic factors, namely peritoneal macrophages, T cells, natural killer cells, and soluble products secreted by these cells, are involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.
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            Endoluminal ultrasound diagnosis and operative management of rectal endometriosis

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              MRI facilitated a diagnosis of endometriosis of the rectum

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
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                Role: ND
                Journal
                gen
                Gen
                Gen
                Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroentereología (Caracas )
                0016-3503
                June 2009
                : 63
                : 2
                : 123-124
                Affiliations
                [1 ] UCV Venezuela
                [2 ] Hospital Militar Dr. Carlos Arvelo. Venezuela
                [3 ] Hospital Militar Dr. Carlos Arvelo. Venezuela
                [4 ] UCV Venezuela
                [5 ] Hospital Militar Dr. Carlos Arvelo Venezuela
                Article
                S0016-35032009000200012
                44e4d591-dca2-474e-95f9-666ab4292a18

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0016-3503&lng=en

                Rectum stenosis,dilations,endometriosis,Estenosis rectal,dilataciones

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