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      A Data Envelopment Analysis of the Impact of European Funds on Environmental Indicators

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          Abstract

          The European Union (EU) has launched two regional investment programs of European Funds (FE) in the last decade. One covers the period of 2007 to 2013, and the second from 2014 to 2020. Among the goals contained in FE regulations is that of achieving sustainable growth through the conversion of fossil energy production systems to renewable energy. This research has had a goal to determine whether the countries of the Eurozone maintain homogeneous levels of efficiency in the use of these resources to improve the levels of environmental quality related to the use of this type of energy. The adopted research method for efficiency analyses was Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Findings revealed that the efficiency in the use of renewable energies is very uneven among the analyzed countries and that these differences are maintained throughout the analyzed period. These results suggest that the criteria for the distribution of the funds should be modified. The current distribution is mainly based on the per capita income of the countries and/or regions. In this way, compliance with the European Green Pact approved in September 2020 would be guaranteed.

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          Measuring the efficiency of decision making units

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            Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: Academic Editor
                Role: Academic Editor
                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                10 March 2021
                March 2021
                : 18
                : 6
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Institute of Scientific Research and Graduate School, Universidad de Lima, Av. Javier Prado Este, 4600, Santiago de Surco, Lima 15023, Peru; admmarcosferasso@ 123456gmail.com
                [2 ]Department of General Economics, University of Cadiz, Avenue Enrique Villegas Velez, 2, 11002 Cádiz, Spain; miguel.blanco@ 123456uca.es
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: lydia.bares@ 123456uca.es ; Tel.: +34-95-601-5472
                Article
                ijerph-18-02800
                10.3390/ijerph18062800
                7999085
                4676b94c-ad5d-4882-93c5-89def08b74e1
                © 2021 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                Categories
                Article

                Public health

                renewable energy, european funds, data envelopment analysis (dea), sustainability

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