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      Effects of Supernatants from Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii on Intestinal Epithelial Cells and a Rat Model of 5-Fluorouracil-Induced Mucositis.

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          Abstract

          Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (Fp) and Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) are probiotics, which have been reported to ameliorate certain gastrointestinal disorders. We evaluated the effects of supernatants (SN) derived from Fp and EcN on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-treated intestinal cells and in a rat model of mucositis. In vitro: IEC-6, Caco-2, and T-84 cells were analyzed for viability and monolayer permeability. In vivo: Female dark agouti rats were gavaged with Fp or EcN SN and injected intraperitoneally with saline (control) or 5-FU to induce mucositis. Rats were euthanized and intestinal tissues collected for myeloperoxidase assay and histological analyses. In vitro: Caco-2 cell viability was further reduced when treated with Fp SN + 5-FU compared to 5-FU controls. In both Caco-2 and T-84 cells, Fp SN partially prevented the decrease in transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) caused by 5-FU administration. In vivo: 5-FU-injected rats administered Fp SN or EcN SN partly prevented body weight loss and normalized water intake compared to 5-FU controls. These results suggest a growth inhibitory mechanism of Fp SN action on transformed epithelial cells that could be mediated by effects on tight junctions. Factors derived from Fp SN and EcN SN could have a role in reducing the severity of intestinal mucositis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Nutr Cancer
          Nutrition and cancer
          Informa UK Limited
          1532-7914
          0163-5581
          January 18 2017
          : 69
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] a School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences , University of Adelaide , Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.
          [2 ] b School of Agriculture , Food and Wine, University of Adelaide , Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.
          [3 ] c Gastroenterology Department , Women's and Children's Hospital , Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.
          [4 ] d School of Medicine and Pharmacology, The University of Western Australia, Harry Perkins Institute for Medical Research, Fiona Stanley Hospital , Murdoch , Western Australia , Australia.
          Article
          10.1080/01635581.2017.1263747
          28094590

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