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      Georgian stem formants and nominalization

      Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America

      Linguistic Society of America

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          Abstract

          The Georgian verb system is complex, and in many cases the function and meaning of certain morphemes is not entirely clear. One such morpheme, the stem formant, appears in both non-perfect verbs and nominal structures. Although they are usually associated with aspect in the verb, I propose that there are several advantages to treating stem formants as nominal heads bearing the feature [+collective]. If stem formants are nominalizers, then several facts about their distribution can be explained, including their historical origin, their presence in abstract and verbal nouns, and their absence from verbs which assign ergative case to their subjects. Doing so also makes it possible to bring Georgian split ergativity closer in line with other analyses of ergative splits in Basque (Laka, 2006) and Chol (Coon, 2013)

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America
          Proc Ling Soc Amer
          Linguistic Society of America
          2473-8689
          June 12 2017
          June 12 2017
          : 2
          : 47
          Article
          10.3765/plsa.v2i0.4092
          © 2017

          http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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