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      THE APPLICATION OF FUZZY AHP – VIKOR HYBRID METHOD TO INVESTIGATE THE STRATEGY FOR REDUCING AIR POLLUTION FROM DIESEL POWERED VESSELS

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      International Journal of Maritime Engineering
      University of Buckingham Press

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          Abstract

          The negative impact of air pollution on human health had become a vital issue as a result of the increasing use of fossil fuels in recent years. In this context, maritime transportation is one of the most contaminant sectors by using much more fossil fuels. Ships which have a major role in maritime transport, directly affect human health via its emissions, especially in marine areas close to the land such as around the ports, canals, and straits. In this study, strategies were gathered by evaluating International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations, European Union (EU) recommendations and the applications of the ship owner companies to reduce air pollution stem from ships, and considering the priority perception of these strategies, the effect level of the strategies at the marine areas where ships are approaching the land was analysed by the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process-Visekriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (AHP- VIKOR) hybrid method. As a result of the study, the most effective strategies appeared as “Forbiddance of Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) usage on Ships” and “Detection of Low Sulphur Fuel Usage by the help of Remote Detector Systems”, and it was seen that these strategies would be most effective in canal or strait passing of the ships. It was also revealed that the relevant expert opinions and IMO regulations meshed together, and it was pointed out the applications for increasing fuel quality.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          International Journal of Maritime Engineering
          IJME
          University of Buckingham Press
          1479-8751
          1479-8751
          December 13 2021
          December 13 2021
          : 162
          : A3
          Article
          10.5750/ijme.v162iA3.1138
          4ee43c62-fe02-4b55-a458-d0130e60837c
          © 2021
          History

          General engineering,Engineering,Civil engineering,Mechanical engineering
          General engineering, Engineering, Civil engineering, Mechanical engineering

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