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      Parasitic nematodes of marine fishes from Palmyra Atoll, East Indo-Pacific, including a new species of Spinitectus (Nematoda, Cystidicolidae)

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Here, we present the results of a taxonomic survey of the nematodes parasitizing fishes from the lagoon flats of Palmyra Atoll, Eastern Indo-Pacific. We performed quantitative parasitological surveys of 653 individual fish from each of the 44 species using the intertidal sand flats that border the atoll’s lagoon. We provide morphological descriptions, prevalence, and mean intensities of the recovered seven species of adult nematode ( Pulchrascaris chiloscyllii , Capillariidae gen. sp., Cucullanus bourdini , Cucullanus oceaniensis , Pseudascarophis sp., Spinitectus ( Paraspinitectus) palmyraensis sp. nov., Philometra pellucida ) and three larval stages ( Pulchrascaris sp., Hysterothylacium sp., Cucullanus sp.). We recorded: Pulchrascaris chiloscyllii from Carcharhinus melanopterus ; Capillariidae gen. sp. from Chaetodon lunula , Lutjanus fulvus , and Ellochelon vaigiensis ; Cucullanus bourdini from Arothron hispidus ; Cucullanus oceaniensis from Abudefduf sordidus ; Pseudascarophis sp. from Chaetodon auriga , Chaetodon lunula , and Mulloidichthys flavolineatus ; Spinitectus ( Paraspinitectus) palmyraensis sp. nov. from Albula glossodonta ; Philometra pellucida from Arothron hispidus ; and three larval forms, Pulchrascaris sp. from Acanthurus triostegus , Acanthurus xanthopterus , Rhinecanthus aculeatus , Platybelone argalus , Carangoides ferdau , Carangoides orthogrammus , Caranx ignobilis , Caranx melampygus , Caranx papuensis , Chaetodon auriga , Chanos chanos , Amblygobius phalaena , Asterropteryx semipunctata , Valencienea sexguttata , Kyphosus cinerascens , Lutjanus fulvus , Lutjanus monostigma , Ellochelon vaigiensis , Mulloidichthys flavolineatus , Upeneus taeniopterus , Gymnothorax pictus , Abudefduf septemfasciatus , Abudefduf sordidus , and Stegastes nigricans ; Hysterothylacium sp. type MD from Acanthurus triostegus , Carangoides ferdau , Chaetodon lunula , Chanos chanos , Kyphosus cinerascens , Abudefduf sordidus , and Arothron hispidus ; and Cucullanus sp. from Caranx ignobilis . Spinitectus ( Paraspinitectus) palmyraensis sp. nov. ( Cystidicolidae ) is described from the intestine of roundjaw bonefish Albula glossodonta . All the nematode species reported in this study represent new geographical records. We discuss how our survey findings compare to other areas of the Indo-Pacific, and the way the relatively numerical dominance of trophically transmitted larval stages likely reflect the intact food web of Palmyra Atoll, which includes a large biomass of large-bodied top predator sharks and ray-finned fishes.

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          Most cited references 51

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          Nematode parasites of vertebrates: their development and transmission.

           R C Anderson (2000)
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            High apex predator biomass on remote Pacific islands

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                27 November 2019
                : 892
                : 1-26
                Affiliations
                [1 ] El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, unidad Chetumal. Av. Centenario Km 5.5, Chetumal, Quintana Roo 77014, México
                [2 ] Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
                [3 ] Laboratorio de Patología Acuática, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados, Mérida. Antigua carretera a Progreso km. 6, Cordemex, Mérida, Yucatán, México
                [4 ] Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology and Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
                [5 ] Scripps Institution of Oceanography-Marine Biology Research Division, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
                [6 ] Western Ecological Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara CA 93106, USA
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Victor M. Vidal-Martínez ( vvidal@ 123456cinvestav.mx )

                Academic editor: Nic Smol

                Article
                38447
                10.3897/zookeys.892.38447
                6892965
                David González-Solís, Lilia C. Soler-Jiménez, M. Leopoldina Aguirre-Macedo, John P. Mclaughlin, Jenny C. Shaw, Anna K. James, Ryan F. Hechinger, Armand M. Kuris, Kevin D. Lafferty, Víctor M. Vidal-Martínez

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Checklist
                Cystidicolidae
                Nemata
                Systematics
                Easter Island
                Pacific

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