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      Torrenting values, feelings, and thoughts—Cyber nursing and virtual self-care in a breast augmentation forum

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          Earlier research shows that breast augmentation is positively correlated with positive psychological states. The aim of this study was to explore the shared values, feelings, and thoughts within the culture of breast enlargement among women visiting Internet-based forums when considering and/or undergoing esthetic plastic surgery. The study used a netnographic method for gathering and analyzing data. The findings show that the women used the Internet forum to provide emotional support to other women. Through electronic postings, they cared for and nursed each others’ anxiety and feelings throughout the whole process. Apart from the process, another central issue was that the women's relationships were frequently discussed; specifically their relationship to themselves, their environment, and with the surgeons. The findings suggest that Internet forums represent a channel through which posters can share values, feelings, and thoughts from the position of an agent of action as well as from a position as the object of action. These dual positions and the medium endow the women with a virtual nursing competence that would otherwise be unavailable. By introducing the concept of torrenting as a means of sharing important self-care information, the authors provide a concept that can be further explored in relation to post modern self-care strategies within contemporary nursing theories and practice.

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            Quantitative inquiry and research design: choosing among five approaches

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              Validity, trustworthiness and rigour: quality and the idea of qualitative research.

               Barry Rolfe (2006)
              In this paper, I call into question the widely-held assumption of a single, more or less unified paradigm of 'qualitative research' whose methodologies share certain epistemological and ontological characteristics, and explore the implications of this position for judgements about the quality of research studies. After a quarter of a century of debate in nursing about how best to judge the quality of qualitative research, we appear to be no closer to a consensus, or even to deciding whether it is appropriate to try to achieve a consensus. The literature on this issue can be broadly divided into three positions: those writers who wish qualitative research to be judged according to the same criteria as quantitative research; those who believe that a different set of criteria is required; and those who question the appropriateness of any predetermined criteria for judging qualitative research. Of the three positions, the second appears to have generated most debate, and a number of different frameworks and guidelines for judging the quality of qualitative research have been devised over recent years. The second of the above positions is rejected in favour of the third. It argues that, if there is no unified qualitative research paradigm, then it makes little sense to attempt to establish a set of generic criteria for making quality judgements about qualitative research studies. We need either to acknowledge that the commonly perceived quantitative-qualitative dichotomy is in fact a continuum which requires a continuum of quality criteria, or to recognize that each study is individual and unique, and that the task of producing frameworks and predetermined criteria for assessing the quality of research studies is futile. Some of the implications of this latter position are explored, including the requirement that all published research reports should include a reflexive research diary.

                Author and article information

                Role: PhD Candidate
                Role: Associate Professor
                Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being
                International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
                CoAction Publishing
                01 November 2011
                : 6
                : 4
                [1 ]Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Department of Acute Psychiatry, Oslo, Norway
                [2 ]Dalarna University School of Health and Society, Falun, Sweden
                [3 ]Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro, Sweden
                [4 ]Mälardalens University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Eskilstuna, Sweden
                Author notes
                Correspondence: M. Salzmann-Erikson, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Department of Acute Psychiatry Oslo, Norway. E-mail: martinsalzmannerikson@
                © 2011 M. Salzmann-Erikson & H. Eriksson.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License, permitting all non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Empirical Studies


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