Herein is presented a list of the amphibians from the Parque Natural Municipal da Taquara (22°35'S, 43°14'W), an area of Atlantic Rainforest at municipality of Duque de Caxias, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. The work was carried out from September 2006 to October 2008. Expeditions were made three times a week during the day, and once a month at night. We recorded 50 species of anuran amphibians distributed in 13 families: Amphignathodontidae (1 species), Brachycephalidae (2), Bufonidae (2), Centrolenidae (1), Craugastoridae (1), Cycloramphidae (3), Hylidae (29), Hylodidae (3), Leiuperidae (1), Leptodactylidae (4), Microhylidae (1), Strabomantidae (1), and Ranidae (1). Some species had their range extended. The present study demonstrates that the Parque Natural Municipal da Taquara is a conservation area of huge importance to the preservation of the amphibian communities that inhabit this Atlantic Rainforest lowland environment.