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Sulfated Cyclocarya paliurus polysaccharides markedly attenuates inflammation and oxidative damage in lipopolysaccharide-treated macrophage cells and mice

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      Natural polysaccharides and their modified derivatives are crucial supplements to the prevention of inflammation. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of sulfated modification on the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities of Cyclocarya paliurus polysaccharides (CP). A sulfated CP, S-CP 1–4 was obtained using chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine method. The chemical components and FT-IR spectrum confirmed that sulfated group was synthesized to the polysaccharide chains successfully. S-CP 1–4 was found to inhibit nitric oxide production, phagocytic activity and the release of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1β in lipopolysaccharide-treated macrophage cells, RAW 264.7. S-CP 1–4 significantly decreased the secretion of IL-6 and TNF-α and the thymus and spleen indexes, and increased the production of IL-10 in lipopolysaccharide-treated mice. S-CP 1–4 could better protect the liver by inhibiting the activities of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, and malondialdehyde level while increasing the superoxide dismutase activity and total anti-oxidative capacity. These results suggested that S-CP 1–4 may be an effective anti-inflammatory agent, and sulfated modification may be a reliable method for the development of food supplements.

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            Author and article information

            [1 ]State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University , Nanchang 330047, Jiangxi, China
            Author notes

            These authors contributed equally to this work.

            Sci Rep
            Sci Rep
            Scientific Reports
            Nature Publishing Group
            17 January 2017
            : 7
            28094275 5240341 srep40402 10.1038/srep40402
            Copyright © 2017, The Author(s)

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