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      Qualidade de vida de pessoas com doença renal crônica em tratamento hemodialítico Translated title: Quality of life in chronic kidney failure patients receiving hemodialysis treatment Translated title: Calidad de vida del paciente renal crónico en tratamiento hemodialítico

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          Abstract

          Este estudo descritivo objetiva avaliar a qualidade de vida de pessoas em tratamento de hemodiálise (HD) e identificar as atividades cotidianas que podem comprometer sua qualidade de vida. Foram pesquisadas 125 pessoas com insuficiência renal crônica (IRC) em tratamento de hemodiálise, mediante o Questionário Genérico de Qualidade de Vida SF-36 e as atividades cotidianas por uma entrevista semi-estruturada. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística, com nível de significância de 5%. Os resultados evidenciaram prejuízo na qualidade de vida, demonstrando menores escores nos domínios dos aspectos físicos, emocionais e vitalidade. Verificou-se correlação negativa entre tempo de HD e componente físico (r = - 0,75). As atividades corporais e recreativas foram as mais comprometidas tanto na amostra global quanto na estratificada por sexo. Observou-se correlação negativa entre tempo de HD e as atividades cotidianas: trabalho, atividades domésticas e atividades práticas.

          Translated abstract

          This descriptive study aims to evaluate the quality of life in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) treatment and to identify the daily activities that may impair their quality of life. We investigated 125 chronic kidney failure patients under hemodialysis treatment by means of the Medical Outcome Survey-Short-Form 36 (SF-36), and their daily activities, by means of semi-structured interviews. For statistical data analysis, a significance level of 5% was used. The results evidenced that these individuals' quality of life is impaired, with lower scores for physical, emotion and vitality aspects. There was a negative correlation between time spent on HD and the physical component (r= - 0.75) and between hemodialysis time and daily activities such as work, housework and practical activities. Physical and leisure activities were the most affected in the general sample as well as in the one stratified by gender.

          Translated abstract

          Estudio descriptivo que objetiva analizar las variables de la calidad de vida del enfermo renal crónico en tratamiento hemodialítico (HD) y conocer las actividades cotidianas y las implicaciones en la calidad de vida. Se investigó a 125 enfermos renales crónicos en tratamiento hemodialítico mediante el Cuestionario Genérico de la Calidad de Vida SF-36, y las actividades cotidianas a través de entrevista semiestructurada. Los datos fueron sometidos al análisis estadístico con nivel de significancia de 5%. Los resultados revelaron empeoramiento de la calidad de vida en aspectos físicos, emocionales y vitalidad. Se encontró correlación negativa entre tiempo de HD y las variables da calidad de vida en el componente físico (r = - 0.75). Las actividades corporales y de recreación fueron las más perjudicadas en la muestra global y la muestra estratificada en género. El tiempo de HD también tiene correlación negativa con las actividades cotidianas de trabajo, actividades caseras y prácticas.

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          Most cited references17

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          Tradução para o português e validação do questionário genérico de avaliação de qualidade de vida: Medical outcomes study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)

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            Participation in the occupations everyday life

            M. LAW, M Law (2002)
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              The impact of ignoring measurement error when estimating sample size for epidemiologic studies.

              The author presents two examples illustrating the bias in sample-size estimates that can result from ignoring measurement error among study variables. The first example examines the impact of ignoring misclassification of the study's outcome variable on the accuracy of sample-size estimates. In addition, the author outlines a simple yet effective means of adjusting sample-size estimates to account for outcome misclassification. In the second example, the author illustrates the potential for severe underestimation of required sample size in studies using linear regression to evaluate associations between the outcome of interest and an independent variable subject to classical measurement error. The author concludes with a discussion of pertinent literature that might be helpful to study planners interested in adjusting sample-size estimates to account for measurement errors in both outcome and predictor variables.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rlae
                Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
                Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem
                Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo (Ribeirão Preto )
                1518-8345
                October 2005
                : 13
                : 5
                : 670-676
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto Brazil
                Article
                S0104-11692005000500010
                10.1590/S0104-11692005000500010
                5afb37a2-c44f-4adf-8c3e-256ba679226b

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0104-1169&lng=en
                Categories
                NURSING

                Nursing
                quality of life,kidney failure, chronic,activities of daily living,renal dialysis,calidad de vida,insuficiencia renal crónica,actividades cotidianas,diálisis renal,qualidade de vida,insuficiência renal crônica,atividades cotidianas,diálise renal

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