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      Morphological characterization of immature stages of Habrobracon hebetor (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) ectoparasitoid of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae)

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      Journal of Hymenoptera Research

      Pensoft Publishers

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          THE MORPHOLOGY OF THE HEAD OF LARVAL HYMENOPTERA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE HEAD OF THE ICHNEU-MONOIDEA, INCLUDING A CLASSIFICATION OF THE FINAL INSTAR LARVAE OF THE BRACONIDAE

           J. Short (1952)
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            Immature Stages of Development in the Parasitoid Wasp, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata

            The morphological changes experienced during the immature stages of the solitary parasitoid Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Opiinae) were studied. This natural enemy of several species of tephritid fruit flies is widely used in biological control strategies. Immature stages are poorly understood in endoparasitoids because they exist within the host. In the present work, developmental processes are described for this species, reared in Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) larvae under controlled environmental conditions. At 25° C, 85% RH, and with an 18:6 L:D photoperiod, preimaginal development takes about 16 days. Five preimaginal stages can be described: egg, three larval instars, prepupa, pupa, and pharate adult. Superparasitism was found in 20% of the host pupae, and the number of oviposition scars was positively correlated with the number of parasitoid larvae per host puparium. The results are compared and discussed with previous studies on related species.
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              Immature Development of Cotesia vestalis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), an Endoparasitoid of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Hymenoptera Research
                JHR
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2607
                1070-9428
                October 30 2017
                October 30 2017
                : 60
                : 157-171
                Article
                10.3897/jhr.60.20104
                © 2017

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