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      The Relationship Between Physical Exercise and Subjective Well-Being in College Students: The Mediating Effect of Body Image and Self-Esteem

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          Abstract

          This research examines the relationship between physical exercise and subjective well-being via the mediation of body image and self-esteem, thereby providing some suggestions on the improvement of subjective well-being in college students. A total of 671 college students from three universities of science and engineering in Sichuan, China voluntarily participated in the survey. Descriptive statistics, Pearson’s product-moment correlation, and mediation model analysis were conducted using the SPSS statistics 19.0. The results showed that (1) the physical exercise level was positively and significantly correlated with the subjective well-being level in each dimension ( R = 0.12–0.64, p < 0.01) (2) college students with the medium and high level of exercise have higher subjective well-being than those with the low level of exercise, and (3) body image and self-esteem played a complete mediation role between physical exercise and subjective well-being. The mediation analysis revealed two paths: first, the single mediating path via self-esteem [indirect effect = 0.087, 95% CI: (0.037, 0.141)] and second, the serial mediating path via body image and self-esteem [indirect effect = 0.038, 95% CI: (0.021, 0.158)]. Some practical implications have been discussed on the physical exercise intervention for promoting the subjective well-being level in college students.

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          Most cited references 51

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          Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index.

           Ed Diener (2000)
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            Subjective well-being.

             Ed Diener (1984)
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              The shifting basis of life satisfaction judgments across cultures: Emotions versus norms.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                28 May 2021
                2021
                : 12
                Affiliations
                1Faculty of Athletics and Swimming, Chengdu Sports University , Chengdu, China
                2Research Centre for Exercise Detoxification, College of Physical Education, Southwest University , Chongqing, China
                Author notes

                Edited by: Sergio Machado, Salgado de Oliveira University, Brazil

                Reviewed by: Alvaro Sanchez-Lopez, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain; Anna Mulasso, University of Turin, Italy

                *Correspondence: Yao Shang, 747378705@ 123456qq.com

                This article was submitted to Movement Science and Sport Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2021.658935
                8194825
                Copyright © 2021 Shang, Xie and Yang.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 5, Equations: 0, References: 56, Pages: 9, Words: 6734
                Categories
                Psychology
                Original Research

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