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      User Cooperation in Wireless Powered Communication Networks

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          Abstract

          This paper studies user cooperation in the emerging wireless powered communication network (WPCN) for throughput optimization. For the purpose of exposition, we consider a two-user WPCN, in which one hybrid access point (H-AP) broadcasts wireless energy to two distributed users in the downlink (DL) and the users transmit their independent information using their individually harvested energy to the H-AP in the uplink (UL) through time-division-multiple-access (TDMA). We propose user cooperation in the WPCN where the user which is nearer to the H-AP and has a better channel for DL energy harvesting and UL information transmission uses part of its allocated UL time and DL harvested energy to help to relay the far user's information to the H-AP, in order to achieve more balanced throughput optimization. We maximize the weighted sum-rate (WSR) of the two users by jointly optimizing the time and power allocations in the network for both wireless energy transfer in the DL and wireless information transmission and relaying in the UL. Simulation results show that the proposed user cooperation scheme can effectively improve the achievable throughput in the WPCN with desired user fairness.

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          Most cited references 8

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          MIMO Broadcasting for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer

           Rui Zhang,  Chin Ho (2013)
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            Wireless Information and Power Transfer: Architecture Design and Rate-Energy Tradeoff

             Xun Zhou,  Rui Zhang,  Chin Ho (2013)
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              Relaying Protocols for Wireless Energy Harvesting and Information Processing

               ,  ,   (2013)
              An emerging solution for prolonging the lifetime of energy constrained relay nodes in wireless networks is to avail the ambient radio-frequency (RF) signal and to simultaneously harvest energy and process information. In this paper, an amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying network is considered, where an energy constrained relay node harvests energy from the received RF signal and uses that harvested energy to forward the source information to the destination. Based on the time switching and power splitting receiver architectures, two relaying protocols, namely, i) time switching-based relaying (TSR) protocol and ii) power splitting-based relaying (PSR) protocol are proposed to enable energy harvesting and information processing at the relay. In order to determine the throughput, analytical expressions for the outage probability and the ergodic capacity are derived for delay-limited and delay-tolerant transmission modes, respectively. The numerical analysis provides practical insights into the effect of various system parameters, such as energy harvesting time, power splitting ratio, source transmission rate, source to relay distance, noise power, and energy harvesting efficiency, on the performance of wireless energy harvesting and information processing using AF relay nodes. In particular, the TSR protocol outperforms the PSR protocol in terms of throughput at relatively low signal-to-noise-ratios and high transmission rate.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2014-03-27
                2014-04-07
                Article
                1403.7123

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                7 figures
                cs.IT math.IT

                Numerical methods, Information systems & theory

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