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      Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction in Healthy Pregnant Women

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          Abstract

          Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine which hemodynamic parameters change under the natural volume overload of pregnancy. Study Design: 46 healthy pregnant women were echocardiographically examined during the course of pregnancy. To evaluate left ventricular diastolic function, mitral inflow and pulmonary venous flow profiles were used. Fractional shortening and left ventricular muscle mass were calculated. Results: In the course of pregnancy the left ventricular muscle mass index increased (from 66 ± 6 to 96 ± 9 g/m<sup>2</sup>), fractional shortening decreased (from 38 ± 4 to 32 ± 6%) and a disturbed diastolic relaxation pattern was documented. Eight weeks after delivery, all left ventricular systolic and diastolic functional parameters returned to normal values. Conclusion: The natural volume overload in pregnancy leads to a reversible ‘physiological’ left ventricular hypertrophy, a short-term decrease in systolic function and a significant change in left ventricular diastolic function.

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          Kann eine linksventrikuläre pathologische Hypertrophie bei arterieller Hypertonie von einer physiologischen Hypertrophie durch Sport unterschieden werden?

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            CRD
            Cardiology
            10.1159/issn.0008-6312
            Cardiology
            S. Karger AG
            0008-6312
            1421-9751
            2002
            April 2002
            25 April 2002
            : 97
            : 2
            : 73-78
            Affiliations
            aClinic of Cardiology, Pneumology and Angiology, and bClinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany
            Article
            57675 Cardiology 2002;97:73–78
            10.1159/000057675
            11978952
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 2, Tables: 3, References: 25, Pages: 6
            Categories
            General Cardiology

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