The aim of this study is to clarify, in girls with premature pubarche (PP), the influence of premature androgenization on the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Ninety-nine PP girls, 63 who developed PCOS and 36 who did not develop PCOS, were retrospectively included. Clinical, anthropometric, and metabolic parameters were evaluated at the time of diagnosis of PP and after 10 years from menarche to find predictive factors of PCOS.
Young females with PP showed a PCOS prevalence of 64% and showed a higher prevalence of familial history of diabetes ( P = 0.004) and a lower prevalence of underweight ( P = 0.025) than PP-NO-PCOS. In addition, girls with PP-PCOS showed higher BMI ( P < 0.001), waist circumference ( P < 0.001), total testosterone ( P = 0.026), visceral adiposity index (VAI) ( P = 0.013), total cholesterol ( P < 0.001), LDL-cholesterol ( P < 0.001), non-HDL cholesterol ( P < 0.001) and lower age of menarche ( P = 0.015), ISI-Matsuda ( P < 0.001), DIo ( P = 0.002), HDL cholesterol ( P = 0.026) than PP-NO-PCOS. Multivariate analysis showed that WC ( P = 0.049), ISI-Matsuda ( P < 0.001), oral disposition index (DIo) ( P < 0.001), VAI ( P < 0.001), total testosterone ( P < 0.001) and LDL-cholesterol ( P < 0.001) are independent predictive factors for PCOS in girls with PP.
Our study established a strong association between multiple risk factors and development of PCOS in PP girls. These risk factors are predominantly related to the regulation of glucose, lipid, and androgen metabolism. Among these factors, WC, ISI-Matsuda, DIo, VAI, total testosterone, and LDL-cholesterol predict PCOS.