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      Differential Regulation of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-(IGF) I and IGF-Binding Protein (IGFBP) Secretion by Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

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          Abstract

          Background: Recent studies have shown that immunocompetent cells synthesize and express growth hormone (GH), growth hormone receptors (GH-R), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-I receptors (IGF-I-R) and different insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs). The aim of the current study was to evaluate the regulation of IGFBP and IGF-I secretion from immunocompetent cells by different mitogens. Methods/Results: We studied the in vitro secretion pattern of IGFBPs and IGF-I from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), derived from 10 normal adults and 8 GH-deficient patients with adult onset. In serum-free conditioned medium of unstimulated PBMC, derived from normal adults, Western ligand blotting (1D-WLB) revealed a 24-kD, a 34-kD and a 39/43-kD doublet band to be most prominent. According to their molecular weight and two-dimensional Western ligand blot analysis (2D-WLB), these bands are deglycosylated IGFBP-4, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3, respectively. When the cells were treated with the T-cell mitogen phytohemagglutinin (PHA) (10 µg/ml), a differential stimulation of IGFBPs was found with a 2.57 ± 0.48-fold increase of IGFBP-4 (p < 0.01), a 1.55 ± 0.13-fold increase of IGFBP-2 (p < 0.01), and a 1.35 ± 0.19-fold increase of IGFBP-3 (n.s.). In contrast, treatment with the B-cell mitogen pokeweed mitogen (PWM) (10 µg/ml) caused only a modest 1.40 ± 0.07-fold increase of IGFBP-4 (p < 0.01). Treatment with rhGH (100 ng/ml) or rhIGF-I (200 ng/ml) caused no significant induction of any specific band, respectively. In contrast to the secretion pattern of IGFBPs, IGF-I secretion of the PBMC was not stimulated by either PHA or PWM, but showed a significant increase after GH incubation (p < 0.01). A similar differentiated secretion pattern of IGFBPs and IGF-I was also observed in the conditioned medium of PBMC, derived from GH-deficient patients. Conclusion: In summary, at least three different IGFBPs are secreted by human PBMC. Secretion of IGFBPs by PBMC is differentially regulated by different lymphocyte mitogens. Secretion of IGFBPs by PBMC is independent of GH or IGF-I, whereas the secretion of IGF-I is stimulated by GH. PBMC derived from normal adults and GH-deficient patients show similar patterns of IGF-I and IGFBPs secretion, thus indicating that the paracrine/autocrine IGF-I–IGFBPs interactions of the PBMC are not altered by pituitary GH deficiency.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins: biological actions

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              Human IM-9 lymphoblasts as a model of the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor axis: gene expression, and interactions of ligands with receptors and binding proteins

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2002
                2002
                29 April 2002
                : 57
                : 1-2
                : 15-21
                Affiliations
                aMedizinische Klinik II Klinikum Grosshadern and bMedizinische Klinik, Klinikum Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, and cLehrstuhl II für Innere Medizin der Universität zu Köln, Klinikum Merheim, Cologne, Germany
                Article
                57941 Horm Res 2002;57:15–21
                10.1159/000057941
                12006714
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, References: 36, Pages: 7
                Categories
                Original Paper

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