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      La escala para la Evaluación de la Calidad del Vecindario (ECAVE): proceso de elaboración y análisis preliminares de sus propiedades psicométricas Translated title: Scale to assess quality of neighbourhood ECAVE: design and preliminary analyses of its psychometric properties

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          Abstract

          En este artículo se describe el proceso de elaboración del ECAVE, un cuestionario cuyo objetivo es evaluar la calidad del vecindario para las familias y sus integrantes, a partir de la información aportada por equipos de profesionales de los Servicios Sociales (psicólogos, trabajadores sociales y educadores sociales) que trabajen en la zona a evaluar. Asimismo, en el artículo se presentan los análisis preliminares sobre las propiedades psicométricas de este instrumento de evaluación. Los resultados obtenidos ofrecen evidencias de la fiabilidad y validez de la prueba, así como de su potencialidad para examinar, de manera sistemática, algunas de las principales características de los vecindarios que pueden incidir en el funcionamiento de las familias que en ellos residen y en el desarrollo psicológico de sus miembros. En el anexo final del artículo se ofrece el ECAVE, así como una entrevista semiestructurada para ser utilizada con los equipos de profesionales de los Servicios Sociales y que permite recoger la información necesaria para completar el cuestionario.

          Translated abstract

          In this article the design of a scale to assess quality of neighbourhood (with information given by teams of psychologists, social workers and social educators from Social Services) for families and individuals is presented. Preliminary analyses about psychometric properties are discussed. Results obtained indicate some evidences for the reliability and the validity of the scale, and its potential for examining, in a systematic way, some relevant dimensions of neighbourhoods for family functioning and individual psychological adjustment. Both the questionnaire and a semi-structured interview (for collecting the data with the teams of practitioners from Social Services) are included at the end of the article.

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          Most cited references37

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          Assessing “Neighborhood Effects”: Social Processes and New Directions in Research

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            Economic pressure in African American families: a replication and extension of the family stress model.

            This study of 422 two-caregiver African American families, each with a 10-11-year-old focal child (54% girls), evaluated the applicability of the family stress model of economic hardship for understanding economic influences on child development in this population. The findings generally replicated earlier research with European American families. The results showed that economic hardship positively relates to economic pressure in families. Economic pressure was related to the emotional distress of caregivers, which in turn was associated with problems in the caregiver relationship. These problems were related to disrupted parenting practices, which predicted lower positive child adjustment and higher internalizing and externalizing symptoms. The results provide significant support for the family stress model of economic hardship and its generalizability to diverse populations.
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              A family process model of economic hardship and adjustment of early adolescent boys.

              We propose a family process model that links economic stress in family life to prosocial and problematic adolescent adjustment. Employing a sample of 205 seventh-grade boys aged 12 to 14 years (M = 12.7) and living in intact families in the rural Midwest, the theoretical constructs in the model were measured using both trained observer and family member reports. In general, results were consistent with the proposed model. Objective economic conditions such as per capita income and unstable work were related to parents' emotional status and behaviors through their perceptions of increased economic pressures such as the inability to pay monthly bills. These pressures were associated with depression and demoralization for both parents, which was related to marital conflict and disruptions in skillful parenting. Disrupted parenting mediated the relations between the earlier steps in the stress process and adolescent adjustment. The emotions and behaviors of both mothers and fathers were almost equally affected by financial difficulties, and disruptions in each parent's child-rearing behaviors had adverse consequences for adolescent development.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rlps
                Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología
                rev.latinoam.psicol.
                Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz (Bogotá, Distrito Capital, Colombia )
                0120-0534
                December 2012
                : 44
                : 3
                : 133-148
                Affiliations
                [06] orgnameUniversidad de Sevilla España
                [01] orgnameUniversidad de Huelva España
                [02] orgnameUniversidad de Sevilla España
                [03] orgnameUniversidad de Sevilla España
                [05] orgnameUniversidad de Sevilla España
                [04] orgnameUniversidad de Huelva España
                Article
                S0120-05342012000300011 S0120-0534(12)04400311
                74611357-eabd-4fac-8386-946b15e993e8

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                History
                : August 2011
                : May 2010
                : May 2012
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 37, Pages: 16
                Product

                SciELO Colombia

                Self URI: Texto completo solamente en formato PDF (ES)
                Categories
                Artículos

                Family,Neighbourhood,Assessment Instruments,Reliability,Validity,Familia,vecindario,Instrumentos de evaluación,Fiabilidad,Validez

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