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      Pathological Internet use among middle school students in disaster areas 8 years after Wenchuan earthquake

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          Abstract

          Objective To investigate pathological Internet use among middle school students in disaster area 8 years after Wenchuan earthquake.

          Methods Adolescent Pathological Internet Use Scale (APIUS) was implemented among 4067 students in the disaster-stricken and non-disaster areas.

          Results The prevalence of pathological Internet use among middle school students in the disaster-stricken area was higher than that in non-disaster areas. Six dimensional scores of pathological Internet use among students in disaster-stricken area were significantly higher than those of non-disaster areas ( P<0.05). In the disaster areas, six dimensional scores of pathological Internet use among male students were significantly higher than female students ( P<0.01). Students in different grades in the disaster area differed in three dimensions of "prominence, mood change, and negative consequences”( P< 0.05). In the disaster areas, the scores in dimensions of "withdrawal symptoms, social comfort, and negative consequences" among students from divorced family were significantly higher than the non-divorced family on the ( P<0.05). Among students in the disaster areas, the scores in dimension of social comfort and negative consequences among left-behind students were significantly higher than those of non-left-behind students ( P<0.01).

          Conclusion Intermediate and long-term attention should be paid on mental health among middle school students in disaster-stricken areas, by tailoring psychological needs and proper Internet usage guidance.

          Abstract

          【摘要】目的 调査汶川地震8年后灾区中学生病理性互联网使用状况,为开展相关心理辅导提供参考。 方法 采 用青少年病理性互联网使用量表(Adolescent Pathological Internet Use Scale,APIUS) 对四川省灾区及非灾区中学生共计 4 067名进行问卷调査。 结果 灾区中学生网络成瘾和网络成瘾边缘人数(156,93人)均多于非灾区(113,62人),病理性 互联网使用的检出率(12.30%) 髙于非灾区(8.56%) ,灾区中学生在病理性互联网使用6个维度上的得分均显著髙于非灾 区学生( t值分别为2.20,10.15,5.90,3.78,5.40,6.13, P值均<0.05);灾区男中学生在病理性互联网使用6个维度的得分均 明显髙于灾区女中学生( t值分别为7.35,5.48,4.31,5.17,5.24,8.81, P值均<0.01);灾区不同年级中学生在“突显度、心境 改变、消极后果”3个维度上差异有统计学意义( F值分别为4.21,6.90,13.20, P值均<0.05);离异家庭的灾区中学生在“戒 断症状、社交抚慰、消极后果”3个维度的得分显著髙于非离异家庭中学生( t值分别为2.39,2.59,2.90, P值均<0.05);在 “社交抚慰、消极后果”2个维度上,灾区留守学生的得分要显著髙于非留守学生( t值分别为2.81,3.96, P值均<0.01)。结 需要持续关注灾区中学生的心理健康,了解其网络心理需求,指导科学、健康地使用网络。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese School Health Editorial Department (China )
          1000-9817
          01 January 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 1
          : 92-95
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Teacher Education and Psychology, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu (610068), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHANG Ling, E-mail: scjsjy2013@ 123456sina.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.01.025
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.01.025
          754299ac-017b-47e3-9140-c0a29b105c2f
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Internet,Students,Disasters,Behavior, addictive

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