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      Factors Associated with Trust in Public Authorities Among Adults in Norway, United Kingdom, United States, and Australia Two Years after the COVID-19 Outbreak

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          Abstract

          Objectives: This study aimed to examine the levels of trust in information provided by public authorities 2 years after the COVID-19 outbreak and to examine factors associated with trust.

          Methods: Using a cross-national approach, online survey data was collected from four Western countries—Australia, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. Differences in reports of very low or low levels of trust were examined by age, gender, area of residence, and the highest level of education in the four countries.

          Results: Levels of trust in the public authorities’ information were highest among Norwegian respondents and lowest among U.K. respondents. Lower levels of trust in public authorities were found among males, individuals living in rural or remote areas, and those with lower levels of education.

          Conclusion: The outcomes contribute to knowledge regarding differences between socio-demographic groups and countries regarding the levels of trust people have in public authorities’ information concerning a crisis, such as COVID-19. Strategies to promote trust in societies in different countries could consider these socio-demographic differences.

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          Most cited references42

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          A global database of COVID-19 vaccinations

          An effective rollout of vaccinations against COVID-19 offers the most promising prospect of bringing the pandemic to an end. We present the Our World in Data COVID-19 vaccination dataset, a global public dataset that tracks the scale and rate of the vaccine rollout across the world. This dataset is updated regularly and includes data on the total number of vaccinations administered, first and second doses administered, daily vaccination rates and population-adjusted coverage for all countries for which data are available (169 countries as of 7 April 2021). It will be maintained as the global vaccination campaign continues to progress. This resource aids policymakers and researchers in understanding the rate of current and potential vaccine rollout; the interactions with non-vaccination policy responses; the potential impact of vaccinations on pandemic outcomes such as transmission, morbidity and mortality; and global inequalities in vaccine access.
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            A Re-assessment of the Concept of Political Support

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              Trust and Compliance to Public Health Policies in Times of COVID-19

              Highlights • Degraded trust and cohesion within a country have large socioeconomic impacts but also present risk for collective survival in the face of a pandemic • Human mobility decreases in Europe during generalized lockdowns in March 2020 • The shelter-in-place policy is significantly more effective, i.e. mobility reduction in non-necessary activities is larger, in regions with higher levels of political trust • Mobility reduction is positively related to the daily stringency of national policies and this association is stronger in high-trust regions • The trust effect also translates in large differences in terms of COVID-19 mortality growth rate.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Int J Public Health
                Int J Public Health
                Int J Public Health
                International Journal of Public Health
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1661-8556
                1661-8564
                02 August 2023
                2023
                02 August 2023
                : 68
                : 1605846
                Affiliations
                [1] 1 School of Social Work , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI, United States
                [2] 2 Department of Health and Nursing Science, Faculty of Social and Health Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences , Elverum, Norway
                [3] 3 Department of Health, Faculty of Health Studies , VID Specialized University , Stavanger, Norway
                [4] 4 Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences , The University of Queensland , Brisbane, QLD, Australia
                [5] 5 Department of Health Social Care and Medicine, Edge Hill University , Ormskirk, United Kingdom
                [6] 6 Department of Social Work and Sociology , School of Humanities and Social Sciences , University of Zambia , Lusaka, Zambia
                [7] 7 Department of Social Work, Child Welfare and Social Policy , Faculty of Health Sciences , Oslo Metropolitan University , Oslo, Norway
                Author notes

                Edited by: Andrea Madarasova Geckova, University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik, Slovakia

                Reviewed by: Pauline Kergall, Université de Montpellier, France

                Michal Kentos, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Slovakia

                *Correspondence: Daicia Price, daiciars@ 123456umich.edu
                Article
                1605846
                10.3389/ijph.2023.1605846
                10427762
                75e06412-dae4-4cfe-b6ed-33fd775d04a4
                Copyright © 2023 Price, Bonsaksen, Leung, McClure-Thomas, Ruffolo, Lamph, Kabelenga and Ostertun Geirdal.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                History
                : 04 February 2023
                : 07 June 2023
                Categories
                Public Health Archive
                Original Article

                Public health
                coronavirus,pandemic,vaccination,trust,public authorities
                Public health
                coronavirus, pandemic, vaccination, trust, public authorities

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