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      Menopause Knowledge, Attitude, Symptom and Management among Midlife Employed Women

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          Midlife women's knowledge, positive attitudes and management toward menopause may improve the quality of peri and post-menopause life. This study was to identify correlations of the knowledge, attitude, symptoms and management toward menopause in middle-aged women.


          We used a cross-sectional questionnaire study applying to 231 perimenopausal and menopausal women aged from 40 to 59 years old. The completed data of 189 perimenopausal and menopausal women were analyzed through t-test, ANOVA and pearson's correlation coefficient using the SPSS statistical programme.


          The menopausal women showed significantly higher physical symptoms than perimenopausal women. The menopausal women showed significantly higher psychosomatic symptom than perimenopausal women. There was a significant correlation between the menopausal attitude and management.


          This study suggests that the fundamental data of developing midlife women's symptom index (MSI) and providing menopause management could be a strategy to encourage successful menopausal transition in middle-aged women.

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          Most cited references 29

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          Knowledge and attitude toward menopause phenomenon among women aged 40–45 years

          Background: Appropriate understanding of women that certain physical, mental, social and psychological changes occur during menopause helps them with greater readiness to cope with these changes. In all training programs to identify and analyze perceptions of the subjects is a key component. The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude of women toward the menopause phenomenon. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 healthy and non-menopaused women aged 40–45 years. The stratified sampling method was used and participation in this study was based on obtaining informed consent. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire consisting of three parts: demographic information, questions to assess knowledge and attitude investigation questions. Findings: The results showed that the average knowledge score of subjects was 63.57 ± 10.79, and their average attitude score was 61.21 ± 12.73. In this study, 8% of the subjects had poor knowledge, 68% had moderate knowledge and 38.5% had good knowledge. Meanwhile, 81.5% of the women had a positive attitude toward menopause. The correlation test showed that knowledge and attitude are meaningfully related to economic status and education level. But, the relationship between knowledge and attitudes of women under study was not significant. Conclusion: Identifying the quality of women's subjective perception of menopause has an essential role in the development of accurate and appropriate programs to promote women's health during menopausal years.
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            Women's attitudes toward the menopause.

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              Social and psychological correlates of menopausal symptoms.

              The present study explored the effects of various demographic and personality variables on the nature and intensity of subjectively menopausal symptoms. Data were collected by means of a mailed questionnaire from 135 menopausal and postmenopausal women from a general urban population. It was found that women who reported a higher number of menopausal symptoms tended to be less well-educated, were less likely to be working, and viewed themselves in poorer health than women with fewer or no symptoms. Psychosomatic and psychologic symptoms such as nervousness, depression, headaches, and irritability were found to be signififantly related to such personality attributes as self-confidence, personal adjustment, nurturance, and aggression.

                Author and article information

                J Menopausal Med
                J Menopausal Med
                Journal of Menopausal Medicine
                The Korean Society of Menopause
                December 2014
                24 December 2014
                : 20
                : 3
                : 118-125
                [1 ]Department of Outpatient Clinic, Konkuk University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
                [2 ]Doctor's Course in Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
                [3 ]College of Nursing, Konkuk University, Chungju, Korea.
                Author notes
                Address for Correspondence: Nam Mi Kang. Department of Nursing, Konkuk University, 268 Chungwon-daero, Chungju 380-701, Korea. Tel: +82-43-840-3958, Fax: +82-43-840-3958, nmkang03@ 123456kku.ac.kr
                Copyright © 2014 by The Korean Society of Menopause

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/).

                Original Article

                attitudes, knowledge, management, menopause, symptom


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