17
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
2 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Changes and health equity of low vision among children and adolescents in Chongqing during 2018 to 2021

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objective To understand changes and health equity of low vision in children and adolescents in Chongqing, and to provide reference for student myopia prevention and control.

          Methods Using longitudinal studies, all school students in grades 1 to grade 12 in Chongqing were examined for visual acuity during 2018 to 2021, and the prevalence as well as changes of low vision were analyzed. In 2021, stratified random sampling was used to evaluate the health equity of uncorrected visual acuity and diopter (spherical equivalent, SE).

          Results The prevalence of low vision for children and adolescents in Chongqing from 2018 to 2021 was 54.12%, 58.17%, 60.03% and 58.20% respectively. Low vision showed an increasing trend in the first three years and decreased by 1.83% in 2021 as compared with 2020 ( χ 2 trend = 13 870.45, P<0.01). The difference in the detection rate of poor vision among students in different grades was statistically significant ( χ 2 trend = 17 396.36, 2 093.95, 771.87, P<0.01). From 2018 to 2021, the detection rate of low vision in girls was higher than that of boys ( P<0.01). The Gini coefficient was 0.054 57 for uncorrected visual acuity in urban area, higher than in rural areas (0.035 94). Meanwhile, the Gini coefficient of urban and rural SE was 0.065 82, higher than the country (0.049 30). The results showed that myopia in children and adolescents was more uneven in urban areas.

          Conclusion The adjustment of myopia prevention and control strategies in the late stage of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic is related to the reduction of the detection rate of poor vision in children and adolescents in Chongqing. Low vision varied by grade and gender, suggesting tailored myopia prevention and control ven than in rural areas, and different myopia prevention and control teristics.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解重庆市儿童青少年视力不良检出率及变化趋势, 分析其健康公平性, 为学生视力保护及近视防控提 供参考。 方法 采用纵向研究, 对 2018—2021 年度重庆市小学、初中和髙中全年级的所有在校生进行裸眼视力检査, 分析 儿童青少年视力不良检出率及变化趋势。同时于 2021 年采用分层随机抽样, 对重庆市 2 302 名儿童青少年裸眼视力和屈 光度数(等效球镜, SE)进行健康公平性评价。 结果 2018—2021 年重庆市儿童青少年视力不良检出率分别为 54.12%, 58.17%, 60.03% 和 58.20%, 视力不良检出率前 3 年呈增长趋势, 2021 年较 2020 年下降 1.83% ( χ 2 趋势=13 870.45, P<0.01); 小学、初中、髙中学生不同年份间视力不良检出率差异均有统计学意义( χ 2 值分别为 17 396.36, 2 093.95, 771.87, P 值均<0.01)。2018—2021 年, 女生视力不良检出率均髙于男生( P 值均<0.01)。裸眼视力基尼系数城市为 0.054 57, 髙于乡村 (0.035 94); SE 的基尼系数城市为 0.065 82, 髙于乡村 (0.049 30), 即儿童青少年近视在城市中表现得更不公平。 结论 新 型冠状病毒肺炎疫情后期近视防控策略的应对调整与重庆市儿童青少年视力不良检出率降低相关。不同学段、性别在视 力不良检出率上有差异。应根据变化趋势制定相应的近视防控措施;城市的视力不良检出率较乡村更加不公平, 需要针对 区域特点实施不同的近视防控措施。

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 August 2022
          01 September 2022
          : 43
          : 8
          : 1241-1244
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Marxism, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (400016), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LIU Zhiyuan, E-mail: liuzhiyuan700200@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.08.027
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.08.027
          78462215-409d-4f2e-9494-2032c7d62ad7
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Vision, low,Refraction, ocular,Child,Adolescent

          Comments

          Comment on this article