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      Fluid flow induced by nonuniform ac electric fields in electrolytes on microelectrodes. III. Observation of streamlines and numerical simulation

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          Ac electrokinetics: a review of forces in microelectrode structures

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            AC Electric-Field-Induced Fluid Flow in Microelectrodes.

            During the AC electrokinetic manipulation of particles in suspension on microelectrode structures, strong frequency-dependent fluid flow is observed. The fluid movement is predominant at frequencies below the reciprocal charge relaxation time, with a reproducible pattern occurring close to and across the electrode surface. This paper reports measurements of the fluid velocity as a function of frequency and position across the electrode. Evidence is presented indicating that the flow occurs due to electroosmotic stress arising from the interaction of the electric field and the electrical double layer on the electrodes. The electrode polarization plays a significant role in controlling the frequency dependence of the flow. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
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              Fluid flow induced by nonuniform ac electric fields in electrolytes on microelectrodes. I. Experimental measurements

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                PLEEE8
                Physical Review E
                Phys. Rev. E
                American Physical Society (APS)
                1063-651X
                1095-3787
                August 2002
                August 19 2002
                : 66
                : 2
                Article
                10.1103/PhysRevE.66.026305
                © 2002
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