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      Prolactin Control of Growth and Prolactin Autoregulation in Cultured Human Pituitary Cells

      ,

      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

      Human pituitary, Prolactin, Growth, Serum-free medium, Cell culture

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          Abstract

          A human pituitary cell line (18-54, SF) grows in serum-free medium and secretes prolactin (PRL). Autoregulation of pituitary cell growth and PRL production by exogenously supplied ovine PRL (oPRL) was investigated. Human PRL (hPRL) and oPRL stimulated pituitary cell growth up to 92% and 85%, respectively, at hPRL and oPRL additions of 100-1,000 ng/ml. Short-term (1 h) incubation of the cells with oPRL decreased hPRL secretion from the cells by 72% at 10 ng/ml addition. Intracellular hPRL was stimulated under the same conditions by 50-275% at oPRL concentrations of 10-1,000 ng/ml. Long-term (10 days) incubation of the cells with oPRL had no significant effect on extracellular or intracellular hPRL production. These data suggest that the pituitary gland can serve as a primary feedback site and that PRL can autoregulate its own production as well as affect the growth of pituitary cells.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1985
          1985
          26 November 2008
          : 21
          : 4
          : 240-245
          Affiliations
          Departments of Biological Sciences and Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo., USA, Department of Biological Sciences, Hunter College of CUNY, New York, N.Y., USA
          Article
          180056 Horm Res 1985;21:240–245
          10.1159/000180056
          4007784
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
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