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      Four decades of new vascular plant records for Greenland

      , 1

      PhytoKeys

      Pensoft Publishers

      Vascular plants, flora, Greenland, phytogeography, distribution limits

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          Abstract

          Records of new species of vascular plants in Greenland from the last four decades are presented and new phytogeographical data leading to extension of the known distribution limits in Greenland are discussed. Since the publication of the latest edition of the Flora of Greenland in 1978 ( Böcher et al. 1978) fieldwork by Greenland Botanical Survey and other expeditions have taken place especially in West and East Greenland and in many remote areas in North and Northeast Greenland. This paper serves as an update of the Flora of Greenland. Twenty species, one subspecies and one new forma have been added to the flora of Greenland: Carex membranacea Hook., Carex miliaris Michx., Carex rhomalea (Fernald) Mack., Equisetum hyemale L., Festuca edlundiae S. Aiken, Consaul and Lefkovich, Festuca groenlandica (Schol.) Frederiksen, Festuca saximontana Rydb., Galium verum L., Geum rossii (R. Br.) Ser., Papaver cornwallisense D. Löve, Papaver dahlianum Nordh., Papaver labradoricum (Fedde) Solstad and Elven, Papaver lapponicum (Tolm.) Nordh., Pedicularis sudetica Willd. ssp. albolabiata Hult., Poa flexuosa Sm., Puccinellia bruggemanni Th. Sør., Ranunculus subrigidus W.B. Drew., Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, Trientalis europaea L. and Veronica officinalis L. in addition to one subspecies Phippsia algida (Sol.) R. Br. ssp. algidiformis (H. Sm.) Löve and Löve. The viviparous form of Poa hartzii f. prolifera has been reported for the first time in Greenland. Presently, the total number of vascular plant species in Greenland is 532. 89 new northern and 28 new southern distribution limits are presented and 26 species are new to the flora province East Greenland, whereas 15 species are new to West Greenland. The numbers of new species to flora provinces North and South Greenland are 14 and one, respectively.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Floristical and ecological characterization of the polar desert zone of Greenland

           Christian Bay (1997)
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            The Flora of Canada /

             H. Scoggan (1978)
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              Potamogeton praelongus in West Greenland.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                PhytoKeys
                PhytoKeys
                3
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F7FCE910-8E78-573F-9C77-7788555F8AAD
                PhytoKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2011
                1314-2003
                2020
                10 April 2020
                : 145
                : 63-92
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Institute for Bioscience, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark Aarhus University Roskilde Denmark
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Christian Bay ( cba@ 123456bios.au.dk )

                Academic editor: J. Cohen

                Article
                39704
                10.3897/phytokeys.145.39704
                7165197
                Christian Bay

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Angiospermae
                Floristics & Distribution
                Cenozoic
                Polar

                Plant science & Botany

                distribution limits, phytogeography, greenland, flora, vascular plants

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