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      Systemic Murine Cytomegalovirus Infection of Mice with Retrovirus- Induced Immunodeficiency Results in Ocular Infection but Not Retinitis

      Ophthalmic Research

      S. Karger AG

      Cytomegalovirus retinitis, AIDS, MAIDS, Murine cytomegalovirus

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          Abstract

          Experiments were performed to explore the ability of murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) to disseminate to the eye following intravenous inoculation and to cause infection of ocular tissues and necrotizing retinitis in C57BL/6 mice with retrovirus-induced immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS). Although infectious virus could be detected in whole eye homogenates of mice with MAIDS at 10 days after intravenous MCMV inoculation, a recombinant MCMV (RM461) that carries an MCMV IE1 promoter-LacZ insert was used as a tracer virus to confirm direct infection of ocular tissues. Evidence for MCMV replication (determined by RM461-induced expression of β-galactosidase) was consistently observed in the nonpigmented epithelium of the ciliary body of the eyes of MAIDS animals at 14 days after infection. In sharp contrast, however, the neurosensory retina was spared and necrotizing retinitis failed to develop. These findings demonstrate that systemic MCMV infection of mice with MAIDS results in ocular MCMV infection without development of ocular MCMV disease. Conversion of occult subclinical MCMV infection of ocular tissues to overt clinical MCMV retinitis may require as yet unidentified cofactor(s). Identification of these cofactors could lead to more innovative therapeutic approaches for prevention and/or treatment of CMV retinitis in patients with AIDS.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ORE
          Ophthalmic Res
          10.1159/issn.0030-3747
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          0030-3747
          1423-0259
          1998
          October 1998
          10 July 1998
          : 30
          : 5
          : 295-301
          Affiliations
          Departments of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, and Microbiology and Immunology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Fla., USA
          Article
          55488 Ophthalmic Res 1998;30:295–301
          10.1159/000055488
          9704333
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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