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      Pancreatic and Gut Hormones during Fasting: Insulin, Glucagon, and Somatostatin

      , ,

      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

      Fasting, Insulin, Glucagon, Somatostatin

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          Abstract

          When adult male rats were fasted for 24 or 72 h there was no change in the pancreatic content of insulin or glucagon, but the somatostatin content increased at 72 h. This contrasts with earlier reports of reduced pancreatic somatostatin after fasting. After a 4 8-hour fast there was an increase in the concentration of duodenal somatostatin, and a tendency toward reduced concentrations in stomach, jejunum, and ileum. When duodenal mucosa and muscle extracts were chromatographed the relative amounts of putative somatostatin-28 and somatostatin-14 were unchanged. Insulin secretion from the perfused pancreata of 72-hour-fasted rats was markedly reduced, but glucagon and somatostatin secretion was indistinguishable from that of fed controls. These results indicate that in spite of the marked alterations of nutrient metabolism and insulin secretion which occur during fasting, the pancreatic content of insulin, glucagon and somatostatin and the gut concentration of somatostatin are well maintained.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1984
          1984
          26 November 2008
          : 19
          : 2
          : 70-76
          Affiliations
          Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine. Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Va., USA
          Article
          179869 Horm Res 1984;19:70–76
          10.1159/000179869
          6142854
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
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