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      Identification of medicinal plants for the treatment of kidney and urinary stones

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          Abstract

          Introduction: Kidney stones are the third most common urinary tract problems after urinary tract infections and prostate pathology. Kidney stones may cause extreme pain and blockage of urine flow. They are usually treated with medications that may cause a number of side-effects. Medicinal herbs are used in different cultures as a reliable source of natural remedies.

          Objectives: This study aimed to determine native medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Shiraz for the treatment of kidney stones.

          Materials and Methods: The ethno-medicinal data were collected between July and September 2012 through face-to-face interview with local herbalist.

          Results: A total of 18 species belonging to 19 botanical families were recorded in study area. Species with the highest frequency of mentions were Alhagi maurorum (51.58%), Tribulus terrestris (51.58%), and Nigella sativa (48.14). The most frequently used plant parts were aerial parts (38%), leaf (33%) and fruits (17%). Decoction (68%) was the most frequently prescribed method of preparation. Most of the medicinal plants recommended by Shirazian herbalists have not been investigated in animal and humane models of renal stone which provides a new area of research.

          Conclusion: In the case of safety and effectiveness, they can be refined and processed to produce natural drugs.

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          Most cited references19

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          Herb and supplement use in the US adult population.

          Research on the scope of use and factors associated with herbal medicine use is limited. The aims of this work were to assess national usage patterns, reasons for use, and the perceived efficacy of herbal products and dietary supplements. This was a secondary analysis of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) supplement to the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Participants were asked whether they had used natural herbs for their own health and treatment. Those who responded yes were compared with those who responded no. Supplement users were asked whether they had used any of 36 specific herbs or nonherbal dietary supplements (eg, glucosamine, fish oil, bee pollen), how important the use of CAM treatment was to them, whether they had seen a CAM provider, and whether they had informed a conventional medical provider about their use. NCHS weights, derived from Decennial Census data, were used to calculate national prevalence estimates. Group comparisons of herbal use were conducted with the Wald x(2) test. A total of 31,044 adults participated in the 2002 NHIS CAM survey; 632 were omitted from analyses due to incomplete information. In all, 5787 adults said they had used herbs or supplements during the previous 12 months, of whom 57.3% said they used these products to treat specific conditions. Based on these responses, an estimated approximately 38.2 million adults in the United States used herbs and supplements in 2002. More than half of all users said that herbs and natural products were important to their health and well-being. Use rates were higher for women than men (21.0% vs 16.7%; P < 0.001); adults aged 45 to 64 years (P < 0.001 vs other age groups); those of multiple races (32.2%), Asians (24.6%), or American Indians or Alaskan natives (21.9%) rather than whites (19.1%) or blacks (14.3%) (effect of race, P < 0.001); residents of the western United States (effect of region, P < 0.001), and college graduates (25.3% vs 10.4% among those who did not graduate high school; effect of education, P < 0.001). Only 33.4% told a conventional health care provider about their herb or supplement use use. Herb and natural supplement use was widespread in the US adult population in 2002, according to data from the NHIS CAM survey, despite the fact that few participants informed their conventional health care providers about such use.
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            Potato consumption and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Iranian population.

            Previous studies investigated the effects of dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load on cardiovascular risk factors. Little evidence is available regarding the association between potato intake and cardiovascular risk factors in Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the first stage of Isfahan Healthy Heart Programme. A total of 4774 subjects were included in the present study. Dietary intake was assessed with a 49-item food frequency questionnaire. Biochemical assessments were done according to the standard protocol. There were significant associations between potato consumption and diabetes mellitus (odds ratio (OR): 1.38; 95% CI: 1.14-1.67; p < 0.001), high fasting blood sugar level (OR: 1.40; 95% CI: 1.17-1.68; p < 0.001) and low serum high density lipoprotein level (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.01-1.20; p = 0.02) remained after adjustments for possible confounding factors. We found a positive relation between potato consumption, high fasting blood glucose level and diabetes mellitus.
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              Traditional effects of medicinal plants in the treatment of respiratory diseases and disorders: an ethnobotanical study in the Urmia.

              To identify, present and review the respiratoty medicinal plants which used by Urmian herbalists.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Renal Inj Prev
                J Renal Inj Prev
                J Renal Inj Prev
                JRIP
                Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
                Nickan Research Institute
                2345-2781
                2016
                27 July 2016
                : 5
                : 3
                : 129-133
                Affiliations
                1Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
                2Madani Heart Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
                3Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
                4Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
                Author notes
                [* ] Corresponding author: Nasrollah Naghdi; dr.naghdi93@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                10.15171/jrip.2016.27
                5039998
                27689108
                841485a4-56fc-4ea3-b336-087b5f46c531
                Copyright © 2016 The Author(s); Published by Nickan Research Institute

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 29 May 2016
                : 13 July 2016
                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 25, Pages: 5
                Categories
                Original

                kidney stones,medicinal plants,iran
                kidney stones, medicinal plants, iran

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